Immobilization of γ-Glutamyl Transpeptidase from Equine Kidney for the Synthesis of kokumi Compounds

M. Bruni, M.S. Robescu, D. Ubiali, G. Marrubini, R. Vanna, C. Morasso, I. Benucci, G. Speranza, T. Bavaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase from equine kidney (ekGGT, E.C. is an intrinsic membrane enzyme which transfers the γ-glutamyl moiety of glutathione to amino acids and peptides, thus producing γ-glutamyl derivatives. An immobilization study of ekGGT was carried out with the aim to develop a robust biocatalyst for the synthesis of γ-glutamyl amino acids which are known as kokumi compounds. Heterofunctional octyl-glyoxyl-agarose resulted in a high immobilization yield and activity recovery (93 % and 88 %, respectively). Immobilized ekGGT retained more than 95 % activity under reaction conditions (Tris-HCl, pH 9, 0.05 M) after 6 days, whereas the residual activity after 6 reaction cycles (18 days) was 85 %. The synthesis of γ-glutamylmethionine catalyzed by octyl-glyoxyl-agarose-ekGGT afforded the product in 42 % yield (101 mg). The immobilized ekGGT was characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The immobilization protocol developed for ekGGT could be of general applicability to membrane proteins. © 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-218
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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