Fresh bone marrow (BM)-derived cells infected with the J2 recombinant retrovirus (carrying v-myc and v- raf mil oncogenes) grow as immortal cell lines belonging to the monocytic lineage. BM cells cultured for 24 h in conventional medium are no longer able to grow following infection with the J2 virus. We investigated whether specific growth factors affected the proliferative response of BM cells to the J2 virus. If the BM cells were cultured for 24 h in the presence of concanavalin A or CSF-1 and then infected with the J2 virus, immortalization of BM cells was observed. Under these conditions, the cell lines that we obtained were shown to belong to the monocytic lineage. We investigated whether target cells for the J2 virus existed in other hematopoietic organs. We observed J2-induced proliferation in fetal liver (FL) but not in spleen or thymus. The cells proliferating in the FL had macrophage characteristics during the early passages. However, some macrophage markers were lost upon extensive in vitro culture. We conclude that we have identified conditions in which J2 virus consistently and selectively stimulates the growth of macrophages from murine bone marrow and a wider range of hematopoietic cells from fetal liver.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology