Immune-related adverse events correlate with improved survival in patients undergoing anti-PD1 immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma

Alice Indini, Lorenza Di Guardo, Carolina Cimminiello, Michele Prisciandaro, Giovanni Randon, Filippo De Braud, Michele Del Vecchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Therapeutic chances for metastatic melanoma have consistently changed over the last years with the advent of antibodies targeting the programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1). Onset of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) during treatment can be a source of concern, and the association with survival outcome is yet to be defined. Patients and methods: Data of consecutive patients treated with anti-PD1 (nivolumab or pembrolizumab) for metastatic melanoma between July 2013 and January 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Baseline factors, together with onset of irAEs and vitiligo during treatment, were evaluated to identify predictors of progression-free (PFS) and overall (OS) survival. PFS and OS were assessed using Kaplan–Meier and Cox models. Results: Overall, 173 patients were included in the present analysis, and 102 patients (59%) experienced irAEs. Disease control rate was 51%. Median (interquartile range) PFS and OS were 4.9 (2.6–13.3) and 8.6 (3.5–18.3) months, respectively. At multivariate analysis, irAEs occurrence was independently associated with improved PFS [HR 0.47 (95% CI 0.26, 0.86); p = 0.016], and correlated with better OS [HR 0.39 (95% CI 0.18, 0.81); p = 0.007]. Among various irAEs, the occurrence of vitiligo was associated with a trend toward a non-significant improved OS in comparison with other irAEs (p = 0.061). Median OS was undefined for patients experiencing vitiligo vs. 21.9 months for patients with other irAEs vs. 9.7 months for patients who had no irAEs (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Our study underlines the association between irAEs and survival outcomes from anti-PD1 therapy. Careful management of treatment-related toxicity can lead to achieve maximum clinical benefit from this therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-521
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 13 2019

Keywords

  • Anti-PD1
  • Immunotherapy
  • IrAEs
  • Melanoma
  • Toxicity
  • Vitiligo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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