Immune-related Adverse Events of Pembrolizumab in a Large Real-world Cohort of Patients With NSCLC With a PD-L1 Expression ≥ 50Their Relationship With Clinical Outcomes.

Alessio Cortellini, Alex Friedlaender, Giuseppe L. Banna, Giampiero Porzio, Melissa Bersanelli, Federico Cappuzzo, Joachim G. J. V. Aerts, Raffaele Giusti, Emilio Bria, Diego Cortinovis, Francesco Grossi, Maria R. Migliorino, Domenico Galetta, Francesco Passiglia, Rossana Berardi, Francesca Mazzoni, Vincenzo Di Noia, Diego Signorelli, Alessandro Tuzi, Alain GelibterPaolo Marchetti, Marianna Macerelli, Francesca Rastelli, Rita Chiari, Danilo Rocco, Alessandro Inno, Pietro Di Marino, Giovanni Mansueto, Federica Zoratto, Matteo Santoni, Marianna Tudini, Michele Ghidini, Marco Filetti, Annamaria Catino, Pamela Pizzutilo, Luca Sala, Mario Alberto Occhipinti, Fabrizio Citarella, Russano Marco, Mariangela Torniai, Luca Cantini, Alessandro Follador, Vincenzo Sforza, Olga Nigro, Miriam G. Ferrara, Ettore D'Argento, Alessandro Leonetti, Linda Pettoruti, Lorenzo Antonuzzo, Simona Scodes, Lorenza Landi, Giorgia Guaitoli, Cinzia Baldessari, Federica Bertolini, Luigi Della Gravara, Maria Giovanna Dal Bello, Robert A. Belderbos, Marco De Filippis, Cristina Cecchi, Serena Ricciardi, Clelia Donisi, Alessandro De Toma, Claudia Proto, Alfredo Addeo, Ornella Cantale, Biagio Ricciuti, Carlo Genova, Alessandro Morabito, Daniele Santini, Corrado Ficorella, Katia Cannita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The role of immune-related adverse events (irAEs), as a surrogate predictor of the efficacy of checkpoint inhibitors, has not yet been described in the setting of first-line, single-agent pembrolizumab for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung-cancer (NSCLC) with a programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression of ≥ 50 We previously conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis in patients with treatment-naive metastatic NSCLC and a PD-L1 expression of ≥ 50line pembrolizumab. Here, we report the results of the irAE analysis and the potential correlation between irAEs and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 1010 patients were included in this analysis; after a 6-week landmark selection, 877 (86.8 patients were included in the efficacy analysis. Any grade irAEs (P textless .0001), grade 3/4 irAEs (P = .0025), leading to discontinuation irAEs (P = .0144), multiple-site and single-site irAEs (P textless .0001), cutaneous irAEs (P = .0001), endocrine irAEs (P = .0227), pulmonary irAEs (P = .0479), and rheumatologic irAEs (P = .0018) were significantly related to a higher objective response rate. Any grade irAEs (P textless .0001), single-site irAEs (P textless .0001), multiple-site irAEs (P = .0005), cutaneous irAEs (P = .0042), endocrine irAEs (P textless .0001), gastrointestinal irAEs (P = .0391), and rheumatologic irAEs (P = .0086) were significantly related to progression-free survival. Any grade irAEs (P textless .0001), single-site irAEs (P textless .0001), multiple-site irAEs (P = .0003), cutaneous irAEs (P = .0002), endocrine irAEs (P = .0001), and rheumatologic irAEs (P = .0214) were significantly related to overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the feasibility and the safety of first-line, single-agent pembrolizumab, in a large, real-world cohort of patients with NSCLC with PD-L1 expression ≥ 50%. The occurrence of irAEs may be a surrogate of clinical activity and improved outcomes in this setting.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Lung Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

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