HIV-1 Immunogen is a gp120-depleted whole killed virus vaccine candidate formulated with Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant (HIV-IFA). We evaluated in a mouse model the immunogenicity of HIV-IFA by itself and when combined with HYB2055, an immunomodulatory oligonucleotide consisting of a novel DNA structure and synthetic CpR immunostimulatory motif, as an adjuvant. C57/BL6 mice were immunized with HIV-IFA alone or combined with HYB2055. Mice treated with HYB2055 or with PBS were used as controls. Compared to HIV-IFA alone, immunization with HIV-IFA and HYB2055 combination elicited strong production of HIV- and p24-specific IFNγ, RANTES, MIP 1α, and MIP 1β, as well as high titers of HIV- and p24-specific antibodies. Inclusion of HYB2055 also reduced levels of IL-5 produced by HIV-IFA alone. HYB2055 enhances the immunogenicity of HIV-IFA and shifts responses towards a type 1 cytokine profile. The immune enhancing effects of HYB2055 adjuvant were dose-dependent. These findings warrant clinical evaluation of the HIV-1 immunogen/HYB2055 candidate as a therapeutic vaccine for HIV-1 infected patients.
- Immunomodulatory oligonucleotide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health