Immunogenicity and safety of human papillomavirus-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine administered according to an alternative dosing schedule compared with the standard dosing schedule in healthy women aged 15 to 25 years: Results from a randomized study

Susanna Esposito, Victoria Birlutiu, Pavol Jarcuska, Antonio Perino, Sorin Claudiu Man, Radu Vladareanu, Dorothée Meric, Kurt Dobbelaere, Florence Thomas, Dominique Descamps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine is immunogenic, has a clinically acceptable safety profile, and prevents incident and persistent HPV-16/18 infection and cervical precancerous lesions. This study (NCT00552279) evaluated the vaccine when administered according to an alternative dosing schedule (0-1-12 months) compared with the standard dosing schedule (0-1-6 months). METHODS: The study was of randomized open design and was conducted at multiple centers in Europe. Healthy women aged 15 to 25 years were randomized (1:1) to receive HPV-16/18 vaccine according to the standard schedule at months 0, 1, and 6 (n = 401) or an alternative schedule at months 0, 1, and 12 (n = 403). HPV-16 and -18 antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at months 0, 2, and 7 or 13 (depending on group); noninferiority evaluation was performed sequentially for seroconversion rates and geometric mean antibody titers. Primary analysis of immunogenicity was based on the according-to-protocol cohort. Vaccine safety and reactogenicity were assessed on the total vaccinated cohort. RESULTS: Predefined noninferiority criteria were met 1 month after the third vaccine dose when the HPV-16/18 vaccine was administered according to the 0-1-12 month schedule compared with the 0-1-6 month schedule in terms of seroconversion rates for HPV-16 (100% and 100%) and HPV-18 (99.7% and 100%) and geometric mean antibody titers for HPV-16 (11884.7 and 10311.9 ELISA units/mL) and HPV-18 (4501.3 and 3963.6 ELISA units/mL), respectively. The HPV-16/18 vaccine had a clinically acceptable safety profile when administered according to either schedule. CONCLUSIONS: The third dose of the HPV-16/18 vaccine can be administered any time between 6 and 12 months after the first dose, with adequate immunogenicity and a clinically acceptable safety profile.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • alternative dosing schedule
  • human papillomavirus
  • human papillomavirus vaccines
  • immunology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

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