Immunoglobulin A nephropathy. Recurrence after renal transplantation

Gabriella Moroni, Mirco Belingheri, Giulia Frontini, Francesco Tamborini, Piergiorgio Messa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerular disease worldwide. The disease generally runs an indolent course but may lead to ESRD in 20–30% of patients in 20 years or more after diagnosis. Patients with IgA nephropathy are ideal candidates for renal transplant because they are generally relatively young and with few comorbidities. Their graft survival is better or comparable to that of controls at 10 years, though few data are available after 10 years of follow-up. Recurrence of the original disease in the graft is a well-known complication of transplant in IgAN and is a significant cause of deterioration of graft function. Recurrent IgAN rarely manifests clinically before 3 years post transplantation. Recurrence rate is estimated to be around 30% with considerable differences among different series. Despite these factors there is no certain recurrence predictor, young age at renal transplant, rapid progression of the original disease and higher levels of circulating galactose-deficient IgA1 and IgA-IgG immune complexes are all associated with a higher rate of recurrence. Which pathogenetic mechanisms are responsible for the progression of the recurrence to graft function deterioration, and what therapy can prevent or slow down the progression of the disease in the graft, are open questions. The aim of this review is to describe the clinical outcome of renal transplantation in IgA patients with attention to the rate and the predictors of recurrence and to discuss the available therapeutic options for the management of recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1332
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Glomerulonephritis IgA
  • Humans
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Kidney transplant
  • Prognosis
  • Proteinuria
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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