Immunohistochemical analysis of keratinocyte growth factor and fibroblast growth factor 10 expression in psoriasis

D. Kovacs, M. Falchi, G. Cardinali, S. Raffa, M. Carducci, C. Cota, A. Amantea, M. R. Torrisi, M. Picardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The pathogenic mechanism underlying the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in psoriasis is still not completely clarified. The production of cytokines released by activated T lymphocytes infiltrating the upper dermis probably has a crucial role. Even dermal fibroblasts can participate in the process through the secretion of growth factors, and some studies have reported an increased expression of the insulin-like growth factor 1. Few studies, however, have focused on the possible involvement of the keratinocyte growth factor (KGF/FGF-7) and the fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF-10/KGF-2), which are secreted by fibroblasts and stimulate keratinocyte proliferation acting through a receptor specifically expressed by epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of KGF and FGF-10 on the skin of patients with psoriasis by immunohistochemical analysis and to evaluate the correlation with the lymphocyte infiltrate and the epidermal proliferation. Immunostaining for KGF and FGF-10 showed that both the growth factors are upregulated in the upper dermis of psoriatic skin, and that the expression is correlated with the presence of T-cell infiltrate and with keratinocyte proliferation. Our data suggest that in psoriatic lesions activated lymphocytes can stimulate fibroblasts to produce KGF and FGF-10, which in turn contribute to sustain the hyperproliferative status of the keratinocytes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Dermatology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Fibroblast growth factor 10
  • Growth factors
  • Keratinocyte growth factor
  • Lymphocyte infiltrate
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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