Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a correlation between musashi-2 and cyclin-d1 expression in patients with oral squamous cells carcinoma

Giuseppe Troiano, Vito Carlo Alberto Caponio, Gerardo Botti, Gabriella Aquino, Nunzia Simona Losito, Maria Carmela Pedicillo, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Claudia Arena, Domenico Ciavarella, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Lucio Lo Russo, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Giuseppe Pannone

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Abstract

Aim: Musashi 2 (MSI2), which is an RNA-binding protein, plays a fundamental role in the oncogenesis of several cancers. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of MSI2 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) and evaluate its correlation to clinic-pathological variables and prognosis. Materials and Methods: A bioinformatic analysis was performed on data downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The MSI2 expression data were analysed for their correlation with clinic-pathological and prognostic features. In addition, an immmunohistochemical evaluation of MSI2 expression on 108 OSCC samples included in a tissue microarray and 13 healthy mucosae samples was performed. Results: 241 patients’ data from TCGA were included in the final analysis. No DNA mutations were detected for the MSI2 gene, but a hyper methylated condition of the gene emerged. MSI2 mRNA expression correlated with Grading (p = 0.009) and overall survival (p = 0.045), but not with disease free survival (p = 0.549). Males presented a higher MSI2 mRNA expression than females. The immunohistochemical evaluation revealed a weak expression of MSI2 in both OSCC samples and in healthy oral mucosae. In addition, MSI2 expression directly correlated with Cyclin-D1 expression (p = 0.022). However, no correlation has been detected with prognostic outcomes (overall and disease free survival). Conclusions: The role of MSI2 expression in OSCC seems to be not so closely correlated with prognosis, as in other human neoplasms. The correlation with Cyclin-D1 expression suggests an indirect role that MSI2 might have in the proliferation of OSCC cells, but further studies are needed to confirm such results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • MSI2
  • Musashi 2
  • Oral cancer
  • OSCC
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Troiano, G., Caponio, V. C. A., Botti, G., Aquino, G., Losito, N. S., Pedicillo, M. C., Zhurakivska, K., Arena, C., Ciavarella, D., Mastrangelo, F., Russo, L. L., Muzio, L. L., & Pannone, G. (2020). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a correlation between musashi-2 and cyclin-d1 expression in patients with oral squamous cells carcinoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(1), [121]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21010121