Immunohistochemical and molecular features of cholangiolocellular carcinoma are similar to well-differentiated intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Dana Balitzer, Nancy M Joseph, Linda Ferrell, Nafis Shafizadeh, Dhanpat Jain, Xuchen Zhang, Matthew Yeh, Luca di Tommaso, Sanjay Kakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cholangiolocellular carcinoma is characterized by low grade cytologic atypia, and anastomosing cords and glands resembling cholangioles or canals of Hering. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma has been variously regarded as a subtype of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (World Health Organization 2000), combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma of stem cell subtype (World Health Organization 2010) and a distinct type of primary liver carcinoma. Capture-based next generation sequencing targeting the coding regions of 479 cancer genes and select introns was performed on 17 cases (5 cholangiolocellular carcinomas, 7 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, 5 mixed cholangiolocellular-intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas) along with immunohistochemistry for CK19, SALL4, CD56, CD117, and EMA. For 5 mixed cholangiolocellular-intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, the individual areas were micro-dissected prior to sequencing. CK19 and EMA were positive in all cases; both luminal and cytoplasmic EMA was seen in 3/5 cholangiolocellular carcinoma and 3/6 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. CD117 and SALL4 were negative in all cases. CD56 was positive in 2/5 cholangiolocellular carcinoma, 4/6 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and 2/5 mixed cases. Mutations typical of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IDH1/2, PBRM1, FGFR2) were present in 90% of cases with cholangiolocellular carcinoma component. The genomic profile (IDH1/2 mutations, FGFR2 fusions, chromatin-remodeling gene mutations such as ARID1A, PBRM1) and copy number alterations were similar in cholangiolocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and mixed cholangiolocellular-intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. In all mixed cases, the immunohistochemistry results, mutational profile and copy number alterations in both components were similar. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma should be categorized as a histologic subtype of well-differentiated intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and should not be considered a distinct entity, or combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma unless a distinct hepatocellular component is also present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1494
Number of pages9
JournalModern Pathology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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