Immunologic response to the survivin-derived multi-epitope vaccine EMD640744 in patients with advanced solid tumors

Volker Lennerz, Stefanie Gross, Elisa Gallerani, Cristiana Sessa, Nicolas Mach, Steffen Boehm, Dagmar Hess, Lotta Von Boehmer, Alexander Knuth, Adrian F. Ochsenbein, Ulrike Gnad-Vogt, Juergen Zieschang, Ulf Forssmann, Thomas Woelfel, Eckhart Kaempgen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Survivin is a member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis family. Essential for tumor cell survival and overexpressed in most cancers, survivin is a promising target for anti-cancer immunotherapy. Immunogenicity has been demonstrated in multiple cancers. Nonetheless, few clinical trials have demonstrated survivin-vaccine-induced immune responses. Experimental design: This phase I trial was conducted to test whether vaccine EMD640744, a cocktail of five HLA class I-binding survivin peptides in Montanide® ISA 51 VG, promotes anti-survivin T-cell responses in patients with solid cancers. The primary objective was to compare immunologic efficacy of EMD640744 at doses of 30, 100, and 300 μg. Secondary objectives included safety, tolerability, and clinical efficacy. Results: In total, 49 patients who received ≥2 EMD640744 injections with available baseline- and ≥1 post-vaccination samples [immunologic-diagnostic (ID)-intention-to-treat] were analyzed by ELISpot- and peptide/MHC-multimer staining, revealing vaccine-activated peptide-specific T-cell responses in 31 patients (63 %). This cohort included the per study protocol relevant ID population for the primary objective, i.e., T-cell responses by ELISpot in 17 weeks following first vaccination, as well as subjects who discontinued the study before week 17 but showed responses to the treatment. No dose-dependent effects were observed. In the majority of patients (61 %), anti-survivin responses were detected only after vaccination, providing evidence for de novo induction. Best overall tumor response was stable disease (28 %). EMD640744 was well tolerated; local injection-site reactions constituted the most frequent adverse event. Conclusions: Vaccination with EMD640744 elicited T-cell responses against survivin peptides in the majority of patients, demonstrating the immunologic efficacy of EMD640744.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-394
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Cancer immunotherapy
  • Cancer vaccines
  • EMD640744
  • Survivin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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