We aimed to assess whether the immunological abnormalities which have been observed in patients with loose total hip replacements (THRs) are present in patients with a well-fixed prosthesis. We examined blood samples from 39 healthy donors, 22 patients before THR and 41 with well-fixed THRs of different types (15 metal-on-metal, 13 metal-on-polyethylene, 13 ceramic-on-ceramic). Before THR, the patients showed a decrease in leukocytes and myeloid cells in comparison with healthy donors, and a prevalence of type-1 T lymphocytes, which was confirmed by the increase in ratio of interferon-γ to interleukin 4. Moreover, patients with metal-on-metal or metal-on-polyethylene implants showed a significant decrease in the number of T lymphocytes and a significant increase in the serum level of chromium and cobalt, although no significant correlation was observed with the immunological changes. In the ceramic-on-ceramic group, leukocytes and lymphocyte subsets were not significantly changed, but a significant increase in type-2 cytokines restored the ratio of interferon-γ to interleukin 4 to normal values. We conclude that abnormalities of the cell-mediated immune response may be present in patients with a well-fixed THR, and that the immunological changes are more evident in those who have at least one metal component in the articular coupling.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine