Context: Somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2A) protein expression has been demonstrated to positively correlate with somatostatin analog treatment outcome in GH-secreting adenomas. Recently, a new rabbit monoclonal anti-sst2A antibody (clone UMB-1) has been validated as a reliable method to selectively detect sst2A protein levels in formalin-fixed tissues. Objective: The aim of the study was to establish whether the evaluation of sst2A protein levels, assessed with a routine reproducible immunohistochemistry protocol using UMB-1 antibody, may predict the successful adjuvant therapy with somatostatin analogs in acromegalic patients. Design, Setting, and Patients: Thirty-six acromegalic patients from our referral hospital were evaluated retrospectively. Sst2A expression analysis was performed by immunohistochemistry in 25 patients and by quantitative RT-PCR in 26 patients. Sst2A immunoreactivity was evaluated using an immunoreactivity score (IRS), which takes into account both the percentage of positive cells and staining intensity. Interventions: Patients with persistent disease after surgery (n = 26) were treated with somatostatin analogs for a median duration of 6 months. Main Outcome Measure: GH and IGF-I levels were measured before and after postoperative treatment. Results: Sst2A IRS showed a significant positive correlation with both GH (P = 0.039) and IGF-I (P = 0.001) suppression by octreotide. Sst2A IRS was negatively associated with IGF-I levels reached after treatment (P = 0.001), and patients that achieved IGF-I normalization showed significantly higher sst2A IRS compared to the group that was not normalized (P = 0.002). A sst2A IRS of at least 5 showed a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 91% in predicting IGF-I normalization during adjuvant octreotide treatment. Conclusion: Sst2A IRS with the anti-sst2A antibody UMB-1 represents a valid tool in the clinical practice to identify acromegalic patients likely to be responders to adjuvant therapy with the currently available somatostatin analogs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism