Impact of acute and chronic stress on thrombosis in healthy individuals and cardiovascular disease patients

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Psychological stress induces different alterations in the organism in order to maintain homeostasis, including changes in hematopoiesis and hemostasis. In particular, stress-induced hyper activation of the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis can trigger cellular and molecular alterations in platelets, coagulation factors, endothelial function, redox balance, and sterile inflammatory response. For this reason, mental stress is reported to enhance the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, contrasting results are often found in the literature considering differences in the response to acute or chronic stress and the health condition of the population analyzed. Since thrombosis is the most common underlying pathology of CVDs, the comprehension of the mechanisms at the basis of the association between stress and this pathology is highly valuable. The aim of this work is to give a comprehensive review of the studies focused on the role of acute and chronic stress in both healthy individuals and CVD patients, focusing on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the relationship between stress and thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7818
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acute stress
  • Chronic stress
  • Coagulation
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Inflammation
  • Platelets
  • Psychological stress
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of acute and chronic stress on thrombosis in healthy individuals and cardiovascular disease patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this