Background: Risk stratification of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary angioplasty is important in order to predict outcomes and to delineate targeted therapeutic strategies. Although the prognostic implications of reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and creatinine clearance (CrCl) have been recognized, the clinical and prognostic impact of their combination has never been prospectively evaluated. Methods: We stratified 467 patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty according to LVEF and CrCl values at admission: CrCl >60 mL/min and LVEF >40% (group 1, n = 261); CrCl ≤60 mL/min and LVEF >40% (group 2, n = 113); CrCl >60 mL/min and LVEF ≤40% (group 3, n = 60); CrCl ≤ 60 mL/min and LVEF ≤40% (group 4, n = 33). Results: Inhospital mortality was different in the 4 groups (1% in group 1, 3% in group 2, 15% in group 3, 30% in group 4) (P <.001). The incidence of combined end point of death, acute pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, and acute renal failure requiring mechanical support increased progressively from group 1 to group 4 (5%, 17%, 33%, and 48%, respectively) (P <.001). We found a significant gradient of risk in terms of inhospital mortality and combined end point when patients outcome was evaluated according to the presence of both normal LVEF and CrCl (group 1), impairment in only 1 of these 2 parameters (group 2 and 3 pooled together), and combined LVEF and CrCl reductions (group 4). Conclusions: Reduced LVEF and CrCl are strong independent predictors of increased inhospital morbidity and mortality, and their combined evaluation provides a simple tool for early risk stratification in patients with STEMI treated with primary angioplasty.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine