Impact of chemotherapy on activated protein C-dependent thrombin generation - Association with VTE occurrence

Mario Roselli, Patrizia Ferroni, Silvia Riondino, Sabrina Mariotti, Anastasia Laudisi, Matteo Vergati, Francesco Cavaliere, Raffaele Palmirotta, Fiorella Guadagni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chemotherapy has been associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the prevalence of coagulation abnormalities or VTE occurrence as a consequence of different anti-cancer agents or treatment schemes is largely uncharacterized. Thus, this study was aimed at analyzing the impact of different anticancer drugs on the prothrombotic status of cancer out-patients scheduled for chemotherapy. To this purpose, a mono-institutional study was prospectively conducted to monitor serial changes of activated protein C (APC) function in 505 consecutive cancer out-patients with primary or relapsing solid cancer at the start of a new chemotherapy regimen. The results obtained showed that age >65 years (p = 0.01), ECOG performance status (p = 0.01), platinum-based (p = 0.035) and fluoropyrimidine-based regimens (p = 0.008) were independent predictors of an acquired APC resistance during the first chemotherapy cycle. Multivariate model of Cox proportional hazards survival analysis demonstrated that a decline in APC functionality (HR = 2.4; p = 0.013) and platinum-based regimens (HR = 2.2; p = 0.042) were both capable of predicting the occurrence of a first VTE episode during chemotherapy. Indeed, 14% of patients with platinum-associated APC impairment had VTE over a 1-year follow-up, compared to 3% of patients treated with other regimens and in whom APC functionality remained stable (HR = 1.5; p = 0.003). We may, thus, conclude that use of platinum-based regimens is responsible for induction of an acquired thrombophilic condition and represents a predictor for VTE even after adjustment for other risk factors. What's new? Chemotherapy has been associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the prevalence of coagulation abnormalities or VTE occurrence as a consequence of different anti-cancer agents is largely uncharacterized. Here the authors find that use of platinum-based regimens is responsible for induction of an acquired thrombophilic condition (resistance to the anti-coagulant Activated Protein C) and represents a predictor for VTE even after adjustment for other risk factors. Monitoring coagulation changes during the first chemotherapy cycle, more than the determination of a single point measurement at baseline, might also help to identify patients susceptible of developing VTE during treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1253-1258
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume133
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • thrombophilia
  • venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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