Impact of Cognitive Profile on Impulse Control Disorders Presence and Severity in Parkinson's Disease

Alice Martini, Luca Weis, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Roberta Schifano, Valeria Cianci, Angelo Antonini, Roberta Biundo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) and related behaviors are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and dementia (PDD), both characterized by heterogeneous cognitive phenotypes, are also commonly reported in PD. However, the frequency and severity of ICD within PD cognitive states is unknown. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-six PD patients completed a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and were classified as PD-MCI, PDD, or without cognitive alterations (PD-NC). The Minnesota impulsive disorders interview was used to ascertain the presence (ICD+) or absence (ICD-) of ICD. The Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson's Disease-Rating Scale was used to assess ICD severity. A subsample of 286 patients evaluated with the same cognitive tasks was selected in order to investigate the characteristics of ICD in PD cognitive phenotypes. Results: ICDs were present in 55% of PD-NC, in 50% of PD-MCI, and in 42% of PDD patients. Frequencies of ICD+ with attentive (ICD+: 20% vs. ICD-: 4%; p = 0.031) and executive impairments (ICD+: 44% vs. ICD-: 30%; p = 0.027) were higher in the PD-MCI and PDD subgroups, respectively. As expected, no differences were observed in the PD-NC. PD-MCI with attentive impairments presented higher percentage of ICD+ with deficits in the Trail Making Test B-A but not in the Digit Span Sequencing task. In PDD, executive failures concerned Similarities task (ICD+: 67%; ICD-: 29%; p = 0.035), with no differences between ICD+ and ICD- in the Stroop task. Conclusions: Prevalence and severity of ICDs and related behaviors do not differ in PD with different cognitive states. However, ICD+ are more likely to show deficits, respectively in attentive and in executive domains, specifically in the Trail Making Test B-A task for the attention and working memory domain in PD-MCI and in the Similarities task for the executive function domain in PDD. Prospective studies should evaluate if these tests can be used as screening tool for ICDs in PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders
Parkinson Disease
Dementia
Trail Making Test

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Impact of Cognitive Profile on Impulse Control Disorders Presence and Severity in Parkinson's Disease. / Martini, Alice; Weis, Luca; Fiorenzato, Eleonora; Schifano, Roberta; Cianci, Valeria; Antonini, Angelo; Biundo, Roberta.

In: Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 10, 2019, p. 266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martini, Alice ; Weis, Luca ; Fiorenzato, Eleonora ; Schifano, Roberta ; Cianci, Valeria ; Antonini, Angelo ; Biundo, Roberta. / Impact of Cognitive Profile on Impulse Control Disorders Presence and Severity in Parkinson's Disease. In: Frontiers in Neurology. 2019 ; Vol. 10. pp. 266.
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abstract = "Background: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) and related behaviors are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and dementia (PDD), both characterized by heterogeneous cognitive phenotypes, are also commonly reported in PD. However, the frequency and severity of ICD within PD cognitive states is unknown. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-six PD patients completed a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and were classified as PD-MCI, PDD, or without cognitive alterations (PD-NC). The Minnesota impulsive disorders interview was used to ascertain the presence (ICD+) or absence (ICD-) of ICD. The Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson's Disease-Rating Scale was used to assess ICD severity. A subsample of 286 patients evaluated with the same cognitive tasks was selected in order to investigate the characteristics of ICD in PD cognitive phenotypes. Results: ICDs were present in 55{\%} of PD-NC, in 50{\%} of PD-MCI, and in 42{\%} of PDD patients. Frequencies of ICD+ with attentive (ICD+: 20{\%} vs. ICD-: 4{\%}; p = 0.031) and executive impairments (ICD+: 44{\%} vs. ICD-: 30{\%}; p = 0.027) were higher in the PD-MCI and PDD subgroups, respectively. As expected, no differences were observed in the PD-NC. PD-MCI with attentive impairments presented higher percentage of ICD+ with deficits in the Trail Making Test B-A but not in the Digit Span Sequencing task. In PDD, executive failures concerned Similarities task (ICD+: 67{\%}; ICD-: 29{\%}; p = 0.035), with no differences between ICD+ and ICD- in the Stroop task. Conclusions: Prevalence and severity of ICDs and related behaviors do not differ in PD with different cognitive states. However, ICD+ are more likely to show deficits, respectively in attentive and in executive domains, specifically in the Trail Making Test B-A task for the attention and working memory domain in PD-MCI and in the Similarities task for the executive function domain in PDD. Prospective studies should evaluate if these tests can be used as screening tool for ICDs in PD.",
author = "Alice Martini and Luca Weis and Eleonora Fiorenzato and Roberta Schifano and Valeria Cianci and Angelo Antonini and Roberta Biundo",
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T1 - Impact of Cognitive Profile on Impulse Control Disorders Presence and Severity in Parkinson's Disease

AU - Martini, Alice

AU - Weis, Luca

AU - Fiorenzato, Eleonora

AU - Schifano, Roberta

AU - Cianci, Valeria

AU - Antonini, Angelo

AU - Biundo, Roberta

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) and related behaviors are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and dementia (PDD), both characterized by heterogeneous cognitive phenotypes, are also commonly reported in PD. However, the frequency and severity of ICD within PD cognitive states is unknown. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-six PD patients completed a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and were classified as PD-MCI, PDD, or without cognitive alterations (PD-NC). The Minnesota impulsive disorders interview was used to ascertain the presence (ICD+) or absence (ICD-) of ICD. The Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson's Disease-Rating Scale was used to assess ICD severity. A subsample of 286 patients evaluated with the same cognitive tasks was selected in order to investigate the characteristics of ICD in PD cognitive phenotypes. Results: ICDs were present in 55% of PD-NC, in 50% of PD-MCI, and in 42% of PDD patients. Frequencies of ICD+ with attentive (ICD+: 20% vs. ICD-: 4%; p = 0.031) and executive impairments (ICD+: 44% vs. ICD-: 30%; p = 0.027) were higher in the PD-MCI and PDD subgroups, respectively. As expected, no differences were observed in the PD-NC. PD-MCI with attentive impairments presented higher percentage of ICD+ with deficits in the Trail Making Test B-A but not in the Digit Span Sequencing task. In PDD, executive failures concerned Similarities task (ICD+: 67%; ICD-: 29%; p = 0.035), with no differences between ICD+ and ICD- in the Stroop task. Conclusions: Prevalence and severity of ICDs and related behaviors do not differ in PD with different cognitive states. However, ICD+ are more likely to show deficits, respectively in attentive and in executive domains, specifically in the Trail Making Test B-A task for the attention and working memory domain in PD-MCI and in the Similarities task for the executive function domain in PDD. Prospective studies should evaluate if these tests can be used as screening tool for ICDs in PD.

AB - Background: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) and related behaviors are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and dementia (PDD), both characterized by heterogeneous cognitive phenotypes, are also commonly reported in PD. However, the frequency and severity of ICD within PD cognitive states is unknown. Methods: Three hundred and twenty-six PD patients completed a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and were classified as PD-MCI, PDD, or without cognitive alterations (PD-NC). The Minnesota impulsive disorders interview was used to ascertain the presence (ICD+) or absence (ICD-) of ICD. The Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson's Disease-Rating Scale was used to assess ICD severity. A subsample of 286 patients evaluated with the same cognitive tasks was selected in order to investigate the characteristics of ICD in PD cognitive phenotypes. Results: ICDs were present in 55% of PD-NC, in 50% of PD-MCI, and in 42% of PDD patients. Frequencies of ICD+ with attentive (ICD+: 20% vs. ICD-: 4%; p = 0.031) and executive impairments (ICD+: 44% vs. ICD-: 30%; p = 0.027) were higher in the PD-MCI and PDD subgroups, respectively. As expected, no differences were observed in the PD-NC. PD-MCI with attentive impairments presented higher percentage of ICD+ with deficits in the Trail Making Test B-A but not in the Digit Span Sequencing task. In PDD, executive failures concerned Similarities task (ICD+: 67%; ICD-: 29%; p = 0.035), with no differences between ICD+ and ICD- in the Stroop task. Conclusions: Prevalence and severity of ICDs and related behaviors do not differ in PD with different cognitive states. However, ICD+ are more likely to show deficits, respectively in attentive and in executive domains, specifically in the Trail Making Test B-A task for the attention and working memory domain in PD-MCI and in the Similarities task for the executive function domain in PDD. Prospective studies should evaluate if these tests can be used as screening tool for ICDs in PD.

U2 - 10.3389/fneur.2019.00266

DO - 10.3389/fneur.2019.00266

M3 - Article

C2 - 30967834

VL - 10

SP - 266

JO - Frontiers in Neurology

JF - Frontiers in Neurology

SN - 1664-2295

ER -