Impact of Cold Ischemic Time on Airway Complications After Lung Transplantation: A Single-center Cohort Study

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Abstract

Background: Despite significant improvements in lung transplantation procedures, the incidence of airway complications (ACs) remains high (2%-18%); these complications are associated with high costs, great morbidities, and a decreased quality of life. There is general disagreement over potential risk factors determining ACs, including graft cold ischemic time (CIT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between CIT and ACs. Methods: All patients undergoing lung transplantation between January 2011 and December 2017 were evaluated. We excluded retransplantations and patients with 90-day mortality. Demographic and clinical data regarding donors, recipients, and surgical procedures were analyzed using propensity score weighted marginal Cox regression model. Results: Out of the 161 lung transplantations performed in the study timeframe, 147 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and supplied complete data to be analyzed. Median follow-up was 25.5 months (interquartile range = 35.2). Ten patients (6.8%) had late ACs; out of the 260 anastomoses considered, 14 proved to be complicated (5.4%). Median time to event was 5.5 months (range, 3-15). ACs were classified as bronchial stenosis (12) and malacia (2). Mean CIT was 446.6 minutes (range, 117-1200). Without considering time-to-event data, CIT was significantly higher in complicated anastomoses (P =.002). The unweighted marginal univariate Cox model showed a significant association between ACs and CIT (P <.001). The propensity score weighted marginal univariable Cox model confirmed this significant association (P <.001). Conclusions: The prolonged CIT time seems to be a risk factor for the development of late ACs; we endorse any measure that could limit CIT within 600 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2981-2985
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume51
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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