Objectives: To evaluate the impact of coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without recent (≤ 30 days) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in women undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: Although women display a specific risk-profile for both PCI and TAVR, the impact of CAD and PCI in the setting of TAVR in women is unclear. Methods: The multinational Women's International Transcatheter Aortic Valve implantation registry enrolled consecutive female patients undergoing contemporary TAVR in 19 centers between 2013 and 2015. Patients with available coronary angiography or CT scan in the pre-operative assessment of TAVR were categorized as without CAD, with CAD but no recent PCI and CAD and recent PCI (≤30 days). All events were adjudicated according to the VARC-2 criteria. Results: A total of 787 patients were included in this analysis, among whom 459 (58.3%) had no CAD, 247 (31.4%) had CAD without recent PCI and 81 (10.3%) underwent recent PCI (≤ 30 days before TAVR). After multivariable adjustment, both groups of CAD patients, without and with recent PCI, presented with higher risk of death, myocardial infarction or stroke, compared with patients without CAD (adjHR 1.56, 95%CI 1.03–2.39, P = 0.038 and adjHR 1.96, 95% CI 1.1–3.5, P =.021, respectively). Patients with recent PCI had increased risk of all-cause death (adjHR 1.89, 95% CI 1.0–3.5, P = 0.04) and stroke (adjHR 3.7, 95% CI 1.0–13.5, P = 0.046) compared with patients without CAD. Conclusion: The presence of CAD in women undergoing TAVR, with or without recent PCI, was associated with long-term poorer outcomes.
- aortic stenosis
- gender issue
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine