OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate left atrial phasic function in the recently diagnosed hypertensive patients and determine association between circadian blood pressure (BP) patterns and left atrial function. METHODS: The present study involved 256 untreated hypertensive patients who underwent 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring and comprehensive echocardiographic examination. All patients were divided into four groups according to the percentage of nocturnal BP drop (dippers, extreme dippers, nondippers and reverse dippers). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in daytime BPs between the observed groups, whereas night-time BPs significantly and gradually increased from extreme dippers and dippers, across nondippers, to reverse dippers. Total, passive and active left atrial emptying fractions that correspond with left atrial reservoir, conduit and contractile function were lower in nondippers and reverse dippers than in dippers and extreme dippers. Reservoir and contractile left atrial strains were lower in reverse dippers than in dippers and extreme dippers, whereas conduit left atrial strain was lower in reverse dippers in comparison with extreme dippers. Nondipping and reverse dipping BP patterns were, independently of age, sex, nocturnal BPs, left ventricular mass index, E/e', associated with reduced reservoir function. Nevertheless, only reverse dipping profile was independently of other circadian BP profiles, nocturnal BP, demographic and echocardiographic parameters related with reduced conduit and contractile functions. CONCLUSION: Nondipping and reverse dipping BP patterns were related with impaired left atrial phasic function. However, reverse pattern was the only circadian profile that was independently of other clinical parameters, including night-time BP, associated with decreased reservoir, conduit and contractile function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine