Impact of endometriosis on quality of life and mental health: Pelvic pain makes the difference

Federica Facchin, Giussy Barbara, Emanuela Saita, Paola Mosconi, Anna Roberto, Luigi Fedele, Paolo Vercellini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

No prior study of endometriosis has investigated the psychological impact of having asymptomatic endometriosis versus endometriosis with pelvic pain in a systematic way. This study aimed at examining the impact of endometriosis on quality of life, anxiety and depression by comparing asymptomatic endometriosis, endometriosis with pelvic pain, and healthy, pain-free controls. The psychological impact of different types of endometriosis pain was also tested. Methods: One hundred and ten patients with surgically diagnosed endometriosis (78 with pelvic pain and 32 without pain symptoms) and 61 healthy controls completed two psychometric tests assessing quality of life, anxiety and depression. Endometriosis participants indicated on a numerical rating scale the intensity of four types of pain (dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, nonmenstrual pelvic pain and dyschezia). Results: Endometriosis patients with pelvic pain had poorer quality of life and mental health as compared with those with asymptomatic endometriosis and the healthy controls. No significant differences were found between asymptomatic endometriosis and the control group. Dysmenorrhea had significant effects only on physical quality of life; non-menstrual pelvic pain affected all the variables; no significant effects were found for dyspareunia and dyschezia. Conclusions: Pain significantly affects women's experience of endometriosis. The medical treatment of endometriosis with pain may not be sufficient and psychological intervention is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2015

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • depression
  • endometriosis
  • pelvic pain
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of endometriosis on quality of life and mental health: Pelvic pain makes the difference'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this