Impact of gender differences on the outcome of alzheimer's disease

E. Sinforiani, A. Citterio, C. Zucchella, G. Bono, S. Corbetta, P. Merlo, M. Mauri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aims: Since little is known about the role of gender in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a prospective epidemiological study was conducted to detect gender differences in relation to AD evolution and outcome. Methods: Six hundred AD patients, 214 men and 386 women, first seen between September 2000 and December 2003, were enrolled; the follow-up period lasted until December 2008. Results: The men had greater comorbidity and higher mortality than the women, who instead recorded more disability and longer survival. Survival curves showed that women reach partial loss of autonomy faster than men. Higher Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores at baseline showed a predictive value for loss of autonomy regardless of gender. Pharmacological treatment seems to have a protective role on disability and mortality. Conclusions: Gender influences disease evolution not only directly but also through other factors such as comorbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Autonomy loss
  • Gender
  • Prospective study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of gender differences on the outcome of alzheimer's disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sinforiani, E., Citterio, A., Zucchella, C., Bono, G., Corbetta, S., Merlo, P., & Mauri, M. (2010). Impact of gender differences on the outcome of alzheimer's disease. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30(2), 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1159/000318842