Impact of hepatitis C virus and direct acting antivirals on kidney recipients: a retrospective study

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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplanted patients (KTx-p) carries a high risk for a worse outcome. This retrospective study evaluates the impact of HCV and of the new direct acting antivirals (DAAs) on patient and graft outcomes in KTx patients. Forty (6.5%) of the 616 KTx-p, who received a kidney transplantation (KTx) in our Centre had antibodies against HCV: 13 were positive for HCV RNA and received DAAs (Group A); 11 were HCV RNA positive and did not receive any treatment (Group B; n = 11); 16 were negative for HCV RNA (Group C). All Group A patients had HCV RNA negativity after 12 weeks of treatment, and 12 (92.30%) achieved a sustained virological response (SVR). Only two patients, who had proteinuria greater than 500 mg/day showed a worsening of proteinuria after antiviral therapy in Group A. Liver enzyme elevation and death were significantly more frequent in Group B than other groups. Our results support the notion that active HCV infection negatively affects kidney recipients and that DAA have a high safety and efficacy profile after KTx with no significant negative effect on allograft function, particularly in well-functioning renal grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-501
Number of pages9
JournalTransplant International
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • direct acting antivirals
  • graft outcome
  • hepatitis-C
  • kidney transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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