Impact of hypertension history on short and long-term prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous angioplasty: Comparison between STEMI and NSTEMI

Emanuele Cecchi, Maria Grazia D'Alfonso, Marco Chiostri, Elena Parigi, Daniele Landi, Serafina Valente, Salvatore Mario Romano, Gian Franco Gensini, Cristina Giglioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies analyzing the impact of hypertension (HTN) on myocardial infarction (MI) outcome reached conflicting results and scarce data are available in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this study the prognostic impact of HTN history in ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and Non-STEMI (NSTEMI) patients treated with PCI was analyzed. We compared characteristics of 1,031 STEMI and 437 NSTEMI patients, in relation to the presence of HTN. Median follow-up duration was 40.2 months. HTN was significantly higher in NSTEMI vs. STEMI patients (p <0.001). NSTEMI patients were older, with higher values of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and more frequently with previous myocardial revascularization than STEMI patients either among hypertensives and non-hypertensives. At univariate analysis HTN resulted associated with long-term mortality in STEMI but not in NSTEMI patients. At multivariate analysis HTN was not associated with either in-hospital and long-term mortality in both NSTEMI and STEMI group. In conclusion, in the PCI era HTN does not influence MI patients prognosis; other factors, such as age, admission LVEF, coronary disease extension, previous MI and creatinine levels are independently associated with MI patients outcome even though this should not discourage from a strict control of HTN after the acute event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalHigh Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Hypertension
  • Percutaneous angioplasty
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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