Impact of immunogenetic IL28B polymorphism on natural outcome of HCV infection

Valli De Re, Laura Gragnani, Elisa Fognani, Alessia Piluso, Francesco Izzo, Alessandra Mangia, Marina Crovatto, Graziella Gava, Pietro Casarin, Domenico Sansonno, Vito Racanelli, Salvatore De Vita, Pietro Pioltelli, Laura Caggiari, Mariangela De Zorzi, Massimiliano Berretta, Andrea Gini, Antonella Zucchetto, Franco Maria Buonaguro, Paolo De PaoliAnna Linda Zignego

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the aim of investigating whether interleukin 28B gene (IL28B) rs1297860 polymorphism is associated with different hepatitis C (HCV) infection statuses, we compared IL28B allelic distribution in an Italian case series of 1050 patients with chronic infection and different outcomes, 47 individuals who spontaneously cleared HCV, and 178 blood donors. Furthermore, we compared IL28B variants among 3882 Caucasian patients with chronic infection, 397 with spontaneous clearance, and 1366 blood donors reported in PubMed. Overall data confirmed a relation between IL28B C allele and HCV spontaneous clearance. Furthermore, we found that IL28B T allele had a weak relation with chronic HCV progression to hepatocellular carcinoma. Study findings are in accordance with the hepatocellular carcinogenic model where IL28B TT genotype, by promoting a persistent chronic hepatitis which leads to both hepatocyte injury and chronic inflammation, could facilitate HCC development. Conversely, patients with lymphoproliferative disorders had not any significantly different IL28B rs1297860 allelic distribution than those with chronic HCV, but, like all chronic HCV-related diseases, they showed a lower CC frequency than patients who spontaneously cleared HCV. Study results confirmed the model of persistent HCV infection as a risk factor for the pathogenesis of both liver and lymphoproliferative disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number710642
JournalBioMed Research International
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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