Impact of laparoscopy on adherence to an enhanced recovery pathway and readiness for discharge in elective colorectal surgery: Results from the PeriOperative Italian Society registry

Marco Braga, Felice Borghi, Marco Scatizzi, Giancarlo Missana, Marco Azzola Guicciardi, Stefano Bona, Ferdinando Ficari, Marianna Maspero, Nicolò Pecorelli, Luca Pellegrino, Danilo Radrizzani, Luigi Beretta, Umberto Casiraghi, Andrea Muratore, Michele Crespi, Riccardo Iuliani, Carlo Bima, Hedayat Bouzari, Andrea Pisani Ceretti, On behalf of the PeriOperative Italian Society

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies reported that laparoscopic surgery (LPS) improved postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an enhanced recovery program (ERP). However, the effect of minimally invasive surgery on each ERP item has not been clarified, yet. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of LPS on adherence to ERP items and recovery as measured by time to readiness for discharge (TRD). Methods: Prospectively collected data entered in an electronic Italian registry specifically designed for ERP were reviewed. Patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were divided into three groups: successful laparoscopy, conversion to open surgery, primary open surgery. Adherence to 19 ERP elements and postoperative outcomes were compared among groups. Multivariate regression analysis was used to identify whether LPS had an independent role to improve ERP adherence and postoperative outcomes. Results: 714 patients (successful LPS 531, converted 42, open 141) underwent elective colorectal surgery within an ERP. Epidural analgesia was used in the 75.1% of open group patients versus 49.9% of LPS group patients (p = 0.012). After surgery, oral feeding recovery, i.v. fluids suspension, removal of both urinary and epidural catheters occurred earlier in the LPS group both in the overall series and in uneventful patients only. Mean TRD and length of hospital stay were significantly shorter in the LPS group (p < 0.001 for both). Overall morbidity rate was 18.7% in the LPS group versus 32.6% in the open group (p = 0.001). At multivariate analysis, LPS was significantly associated to an increased adherence to postoperative ERP items, a shorter TRD, and a reduced overall morbidity, whereas rectal surgery and new stoma formation impaired postoperative recovery. Conclusions: The present study showed that a successful laparoscopic procedure had an independent role to increase the adherence to postoperative ERP and to improve short-term postoperative outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4393-4399
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Colorectal surgery
  • Enhanced recovery pathway
  • Laparoscopy
  • Length of hospital stay
  • Postoperative complications
  • Time to readiness for discharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Braga, M., Borghi, F., Scatizzi, M., Missana, G., Guicciardi, M. A., Bona, S., Ficari, F., Maspero, M., Pecorelli, N., Pellegrino, L., Radrizzani, D., Beretta, L., Casiraghi, U., Muratore, A., Crespi, M., Iuliani, R., Bima, C., Bouzari, H., Ceretti, A. P., & On behalf of the PeriOperative Italian Society (2017). Impact of laparoscopy on adherence to an enhanced recovery pathway and readiness for discharge in elective colorectal surgery: Results from the PeriOperative Italian Society registry. Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, 31(11), 4393-4399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-017-5486-0