Impact of mutational status on outcomes in myelofibrosis patients treated with ruxolitinib in the COMFORT-II study

Paola Guglielmelli, Flavia Biamonte, Giada Rotunno, Valentina Artusi, Lucia Artuso, Isabella Bernardis, Elena Tenedini, Lisa Pieri, Chiara Paoli, Carmela Mannarelli, Rajmonda Fjerza, Elisa Rumi, Viktoriya Stalbovskaya, Matthew Squires, Mario Cazzola, Rossella Manfredini, Claire Harrison, Enrico Tagliafico, Alessandro M. Vannucchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib produced significant reductions in splenomegaly and symptomatic burden and improved survival in patients with myelofibrosis(MF), irrespective of their JAK2 mutation status, in 2 phase III studies against placebo (COMFORT-I) and best available therapy (COMFORT-II). We performed a comprehensive mutation analysis to evaluate the impact of 14 MF-associated mutations on clinical outcomes in 166 patients included in COMFORT-II. We found that responses in splenomegaly and symptoms, as well as the risk of developing ruxolitinib-associated anemia and thrombocytopenia, occurred at similar frequencies across different mutation profiles. Ruxolitinib improved survival independent of mutation profile and reduced the risk of death in patients harboring a set of prognostically detrimental mutations (ASXL1, EZH2, SRSF2, IDH1/2) with an hazard ratio of 0.57 (95% confidence interval: 0.30-1.08) vs best available therapy. These data indicate that clinical efficacy and survival improvement may occur across different molecular subsets of patients with MF treated with ruxolitinib.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2157-2160
Number of pages4
JournalBlood
Volume123
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of mutational status on outcomes in myelofibrosis patients treated with ruxolitinib in the COMFORT-II study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this