Impact of natural dietary agents on multiple myeloma prevention and treatment: molecular insights and potential for clinical translation

Lavinia Raimondi, Angela De Luca, Gianluca Giavaresi, Agnese Barone, Pierosandro Tagliaferri, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Nicola Amodio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chemoprevention is based on the use of non-toxic, pharmacologically active agents to prevent tumor progression. In this regard, natural dietary agents have been described by the most recent literature as promising tools for controlling onset and progression of malignancies. Extensive research has been so far performed to shed light on the effects of natural products on tumor growth and survival, disclosing the most relevant signal transduction pathways targeted by such compounds. Overall, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and cytotoxic effects of dietary agents on tumor cells are supported either by results from epidemiological or animal studies, and even by clinical trials. Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy characterized by abnormal proliferation of bone marrow plasma cells and subsequent hypercalcemia, renal dysfunction, anemia, or bone disease, which remains incurable despite novel emerging therapeutic strategies. Notably, increasing evidence supports the capability of dietary natural compounds to antagonize multiple myeloma growth in preclinical models of human multiple myeloma, underscoring their potential as candidate anti-cancer agents. In this review, we aim at summarizing findings on the anti-tumor activity of dietary natural products, focusing on their molecular mechanisms, which include inhibition of oncogenic signal transduction pathways and/or epigenetic modulating effects, along with their potential clinical applications against multiple myeloma and its related bone disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 29 2018

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Keywords

  • bone disease
  • cancer chemoprevention
  • dietary agents
  • multiple myeloma
  • natural anti-cancer treatments
  • natural compounds

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