Objectives: To determine the impact of fetal echocardiography on the management of pregnancy and of newborns affected by pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) and to evaluate the outcome of infants with and without prenatal diagnosis of PAIVS. Methods: We searched our database for cases of PAIVS prenatally and postnatally diagnosed during the period January 1993December 2009. Postnatal follow-up was available in all cases included in the study. Karyotyping and fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis for the DiGeorge critical region (22q11.2) were performed in all but one case. Results: The study comprised 60 cases of PAIVS: 36 with (Group A) and 24 without (Group B) prenatal diagnosis. In Group A, there were two intrauterine deaths, six postnatal deaths (five early after birth) and one termination of pregnancy. In this group, radiofrequency (RF) perforation was successfully performed in 25 cases; 20/25 infants had a biventricular (BV) repair, without further operation in 13 of them. No patient of Group B died. In this group, RF perforation was successfully performed in 22 cases; 20/22 had a BV repair without further procedure in 15 of them. Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis of PAIVS allows a reliable prognosis of severity and planning of proper surgical repair strategies. Fetuses that are prenatally diagnosed present a more severe spectrum of the disease; for the cases capable of getting through the neonatal period, the mortality rate and the need for further intervention were not significantly different when compared with babies with only postnatal diagnosis.
- Fetal echocardiography
- Prenatal diagnosis
- Pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum
- Ventriculo-coronary arterial connection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology