Introduction: This retrospective study was undertaken to investigate the impact of specific mutant KRAS on clinical outcome to either gefitinib or erlotinib (EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, EGFR-TKI) in patients with EGFR wild type (WT) advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients with an EGFR WT genotype who were treated with an EGFR-TKI for advanced disease at our Institution were identified. Simultaneous availability of KRAS mutation status was required for study inclusion. Results: Sixty-seven patients were eligible. Median age was 60 years (39-84), and 10 patients (14.9%) had received an EGFR-TKI as upfront therapy. Overall, the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 2.9 months and 18.0 months, respectively. KRAS mutant patients (n= 18) experienced a significantly shorter PFS compared with those carrying a KRAS WT genotype (n= 49) (1.6 months vs 3.0 months, respectively, P= 0.04; HR = 1.92). However, within the KRAS mutant group a great variability in terms of sensitivity to treatment was noted (PFS ranging from 0.7 months to 38.7 months). KRAS codon 13 mutant patients (n= 4) experienced the worse outcome when compared with KRAS codon 12 mutants (n= 14) and KRAS WT patients (P<0.0001 and P= 0.01 for PFS and OS, respectively). Conclusions: Though we found that EGFR WT/. KRAS mutant advanced NSCLC patients are associated with an increased resistance to treatment, specific mutant KRAS may account for differential sensitivity to an EGFR-TKI. KRAS codon 13 mutants are those who seem to experience the worse clinical outcome.
- Non-small cell lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research