Impact of Surgical Approach on Patient-Reported Outcomes after Radical Prostatectomy: A Propensity Score-Weighted Analysis from a Multicenter, Prospective, Observational Study (The Pros-IT CNR Study)

Alessandro Antonelli, Carlotta Palumbo, Marianna Noale, Angelo Porreca, Stefania Maggi, Claudio Simeone, Pierfrancesco Bassi, Filippo Bertoni, Sergio Bracarda, Michela Buglione, Giario Natale Conti, Renzo Corvò, Mauro Gacci, Vincenzo Mirone, Rodolfo Montironi, Luca Triggiani, Andrea Tubaro, Walter Artibani, Sara Bartoncini, Umberto BassoCarlotta Becherini, Rita Bellavita, Franco Bergamaschi, Stefania Berlingheri, Alfredo Berruti, Marco Borghesi, Roberto Bortolus, Valentina Borzillo, Davide Bosetti, Giuseppe Bove, Pierluigi Bove, Maurizio Brausi, Alessio Bruni, Giorgio Bruno, Eugenio Brunocilla, Alberto Buffoli, Consuelo Buttigliero, Giovanni Cacciamani, Michela Caldiroli, Giuseppe Cardo, Giorgio Carmignani, Giuseppe Carrieri, Emanuele Castelli, Elisabetta Castrezzati, Gianpiero Catalano, Susanna Cattarino, Francesco Catucci, Francolini Dario Cavallini, Ofelia Ceccarini, Antonio Celia, Francesco Chiancone, Tommaso Chini, Claudia Cianci, Antonio Cisternino, Devis Collura, Franco Corbella, Matteo Corinti, Paolo Corsi, Fiorenza Cortese, Luigi Corti, Nunzio de Cosimo, Olga Cristiano, Rolando D'Angelillo, Luigi Da Pozzo, Daniele D'agostino, Carolina D'Elia, Matteo Dandrea, De Michele De Angelis, Paolo De Angelis, Ottavio De Cobelli, Bernardino De Concilio, Antonello De Lisa, Stefano De Luca, Agostina De Stefani, Chiara Lucrezia Deantoni, Claudio Degli Esposti, Anna Destito, Beatrice Detti, Nadia Di Muzio, Andrea Di Stasio, Calogero Di Stefano, Danilo Di Trapani, Giuseppe Difino, Sara Falivene, Giuseppe Farullo, Paolo Fedelini, Ilaria Ferrari, Francesco Ferraù, Matteo Ferro, Andrei Fodor, Francesco Fontana, Francesco Francesca, Giulio Francolini, Paolo Frata, Giovanni Frezza, Pietro Gabriele, Maria Galeandro, Elisabetta Garibaldi, Giovanni Gennari Pietro, Alessandro Gentilucci, Alessandro Giacobbe, Laura Giussani, Giuseppe Giusti, Paolo Gontero, Alessia Guarneri, Cesare Guida, Alberto Gurioli, Dorijan Huqi, Ciro Imbimbo, Gianluca Ingrosso, Cinzia Iotti, Corrado Italia, Pierdaniele La Mattina, Enza Lamanna, Luciana Lastrucci, Grazia Lazzari, Fabiola Liberale, Giovanni Liguori, Roberto Lisi, Frank Lohr, Riccardo Lombardo, Jon A.J. Lovisolo, Mario Ludovico Giuseppe, Nicola Macchione, Francesca Maggio, Michele Malizia, Gianluca Manasse, Giovanni Mandoliti, Giovanna Mantini, Luigi Marafioti, Luisa Marciello, Mario Marconi Alberto, Antonietta Martilotta, Salvino Marzano, Stefano Masciullo, Gloria Maso, Adele Massenzo, Ercole Mazzeo, Luigi Mearini, Serena Medoro, Rosa Molè, Giorgio Monesi, Emanuele Montanari, Franco Montefiore, Giampaolo Montesi, Giuseppe Morgia, Gregorio Moro, Giorgio Muscas, Daniela Musio, Paolo Muto, Giovanni Muzzonigro, Giorgio Napodano, Carlo Luigi Augusto Negro, Mattia Nidini, Maria Ntreta, Marco Orsatti, Carmela Palazzolo, Isabella Palumbo, Alessandro Parisi, Paolo Parma, Nicola Pavan, Martina Pericolini, Francesco Pinto, Antonio Pistone, Valerio Pizzuti, Angelo Platania, Caterina Polli, Giorgio Pomara, Elisabetta Ponti, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Francesco Porpiglia, Dario Pugliese, Armin Pycha, Giuseppe Raguso, Andrea Rampini, Franco Randone Donato, Valentina Roboldi, Marco Roscigno, Maria Paola Ruggieri, Giuseppe Ruoppo, Roberto Sanseverino, Anna Santacaterina, Michele Santarsieri, Riccardo Santoni, Sarah Scagliarini, Vittorio Scagliotti Giorgio, Mauro Scanzi, Marcello Scarcia, Riccardo Schiavina, Alessandro Sciarra, Carmine Sciorio, Tindaro Scolaro, Salvatore Scuzzarella, Oscar Selvaggio, Armando Serao, Sergio Serni, Marco Andrea Signor, Mauro Silvani, Giovanni Silvano, Franco Silvestris, Valeria Simone, Girolamo Spagnoletti, Giulio Spinelli Matteo, Luigi Squillace, Vincenzo Tombolini, Mariastella Toninelli, Alberto Trinchieri, Luca Eolo Trodella, Lucio Trodella, Carlo Trombetta, Lidia Tronnolone, Marcello Tucci, Daniele Urzì, Riccardo Valdagni, Maurizio Valeriani, Maurizio Vanoli, Elisabetta Vitali, Alessandro Volpe, Stefano Zaramella, Guglielmo Zeccolini, Giampaolo Zini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To report health-related quality of life outcomes as assessed by validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after radical prostatectomy (RP).-Methods: This study analyzed patients treated with RP within The PROState cancer monitoring in Italy, from the National Research Council (Pros-IT CNR). Italian versions of Short-Form Heath Survey and university of California los Angeles-prostate cancer index questionnaires were administered. PROMs were physical composite scores, mental composite scores and urinary, bowel, sexual functions and bothers (UF/B, BF/B, SF/B). Baseline unbalances were controlled with propensity scores and stabilized inverse weights; differences in PROMs between different RP approaches were estimated by mixed models. Results: Of 541 patients treated with RP, 115 (21%) received open RP (ORP), 90 (17%) laparoscopic RP (LRP) and 336 (61%) robot-assisted RP (RARP). At head-to-head-comparisons, RARP showed higher 12-month UF vs. LRP (interaction treatment ∗ time p = 0.03) and 6-month SF vs. ORP (p < 0.001). At 12-month from surgery, 67, 73 and 79% of patients used no pad for urinary loss in ORP, LRP and RARP respectively (no differences for each comparison). Conversely, 16, 27 and 40% of patients declared erections firm enough for sexual intercourse in ORP, LRP and RARP respectively (only significant difference for ORP vs. RARP, p = 0.0004). Conclusions: Different RP approaches lead to significant variations in urinary and sexual PROMs, with a general trend in favour of RARP. However, their clinical significance seems limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalUrologia Internationalis
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • Patient-reported outcome measures
  • Prostate cancer
  • Quality of life
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Sexual function
  • Urinary function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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