Impact on human health of climate changes

Massimo Franchini, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that climate is rapidly changing. These changes, which are mainly driven by the dramatic increase of greenhouse gas emissions from anthropogenic activities, have the potential to affect human health in several ways. These include a global rise in average temperature, an increased frequency of heat waves, of weather events such as hurricanes, cyclones and drought periods, plus an altered distribution of allergens and vector-borne infectious diseases. The cardiopulmonary system and the gastrointestinal tract are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of global warming. Moreover, some infectious diseases and their animal vectors are influenced by climate changes, resulting in higher risk of typhus, cholera, malaria, dengue and West Nile virus infection. On the other hand, at mid latitudes warming may reduce the rate of diseases related to cold temperatures (such as pneumonia, bronchitis and arthritis), but these benefits are unlikely to rebalance the risks associated to warming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Climate change
  • Extreme weather events
  • Global warming
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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