Impaired interferon type I signalling in the liver modulates the hepatic acute phase response in hepatitis C virus transgenic mice

Mona Wegert, Nicola La Monica, Marco Tripodi, Guido Adler, Nektarios Dikopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aims: The immunomodulatory active hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been shown to interfere with antiviral interferon (IFN) type I functions. The aim of the study was to determine whether further basic innate immunologic functions are influenced by HCV. Methods: The acute phase response (APR) was induced in HCV transgenic (tg) mice and C57BL/6J control mice using lipopolysaccharide. Activation of transcription factors, mRNA expression and production of cytokines and acute phase proteins (APP) were determined. IFN type I and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α signalling were investigated after polyI:C or TNF-α treatment. Results: HCV tg mice showed an attenuated APR: hepatic activation of nuclear factor κ B (NFκB) and interferon-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), hepatic expression of interleukin (IL) 6, IL-10, and IFN-γ mRNA, serum concentrations of IL-6 and IFN-γ and production of type II acute phase proteins were reduced compared to wild-type mice. While no differences in NFκB activation could be detected after TNF-α injection, HCV tg mice showed reduced activation of ISGF3 and reduced transactivation of IFN target genes after polyI:C treatment. Conclusions: Besides antiviral defence mechanisms, interruption of IFN type I signalling by HCV modulates the APR which is aimed at a variety of pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Acute phase proteins
  • Chronic infection
  • Interferon gamma
  • Interferon resistance
  • Interferon target genes
  • Interferon-stimulated gene factor 3
  • Interleukin 10
  • Interleukin 6
  • Lipopolysaccharide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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