Impaired vasorelaxant responses to natriuretic peptides in the stroke-prone phenotype of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Rosaria Russo, Carmine Vecchione, Francesco Cosentino, Armando Natale, Alessandro F. Mele, Miriam Muscolo, Carmine Savoia, Detlev Ganten, Speranza Rubattu, Massimo Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We have previously shown that a locus on rat chromosome 5, termed STR 2, co-localizes with the genes encoding atrial natriuretic and brain natriuretic peptides, and is closely linked to the development of strokes in rats of a F 2 hybrid cohort obtained by crossing stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats. We also demonstrated that there are significant differences in vascular functioning that are co-segregated with stroke latency of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Objective: To investigate the vascular responses to natriuretic peptides in the stroke-prone phenotype of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Design and methods: In view of the important vasoactive properties of natriuretic peptides, we tested the vascular responses to 10 -11-10 -9 mol/l atrial natriuretic peptide and to 10 -11-10 -7 mol/l brain natriuretic peptide in isolated rings of aortas and internal carotid arteries obtained from stroke-prone and stroke-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rats. The 6-week-old rats were exposed for 4 weeks either to their regular diet (n = 15 of both strains) or to the stroke-permissive Japanese-style diet (n = 14 of both strains). A group of 14 normotensive, age-matched and sex-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats was also studied. Results: Systolic blood pressures in stroke-prone and stroke-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rats were similar, and were significantly higher than those in Wistar-Kyoto rats. Vascular responses to nitroglycerin, atrial natriuretic peptide, and brain natriuretic peptide in rats of the two hypertensive strains and in Wistar-Kyoto rats fed their regular diet were comparable. In contrast, the vasorelaxant responses to atrial natriuretic peptide in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats fed Japanese diet were lower both in aortas and in internal carotid arteries than were those in spontaneously hypertensive rats (both P <0.05 by analysis of variance) and in Wistar-Kyoto rats (both P <0.05). Similarly, vasorelaxant responses to brain natriuretic peptide were lower both in aortas and in internal carotid arteries of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats than they were in spontaneously hypertensive rats (both P <0.05) and in Wistar-Kyoto rats (P <0.05). The responses to nitroglycerin in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats fed Japanese-style diet were also similar. Conclusion: The vasorelaxant effects of natriuretic peptides are impaired in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. This abnormality could play a role in the pathogenesis of stroke incidence in this hypertensive model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Endothelium
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Strokes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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