Impairment of early fibrinolytic activation after PTCA: A mechanism for restenosis-related clinical recurrence?

M. Capanni, E. Antonucci, L. Chiarugi, V. Boddi, R. Abbate, D. Prisco, C. Giglioli, R. P. Dabizzi, M. Margheri, I. Simonetti, G. F. Gensini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study was aimed to investigate the acute effect of PTCA on clotting activation and fibrinolytic system and the possible role of modifications of haemostasis in relation to restenosis-related clinical recurrence after PTCA. Setting: Istituto di Clinica Medica Generale e Cardiologia, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Material and methods: In 83 unselected patients (70 men and 13 women) undergoing PTCA, blood clotting (fibrinogen, F1+2, TAT) and fibrinolytic activation (D-dimer, ELT, PAI-1, t-PA) were assayed before and immediately after PTCA. Results: At the end of the procedure there was a significant decrease in plasma levels of fibrinogen (P <0.0001), F1+2 (P<0.0001), TAT (P<0.0001), PAI-1 (P <0.0001) and t-PA (P <0.001), a shortening of ELT (P <0.0001) and a significant increase in D-dimer concentration (P <0.0005). Post-procedural PAI-1 activity levels were significantly higher in patients with subsequent clinical recurrence owing to restenosis than in those without (P <0.0005); similarly, patients with restenosis showed lower t-PA levels (P <0.0005) and longer ELT (P <0.05) after PTCA than those without. An earlier occurrence of clinical recurrence owing to restenosis was observed in patients with an increase or no variation of PAI-1 levels at the end of the procedure. Conclusion: These results suggest that the early fibrinolytic response to balloon injury is a relevant determinant of the risk of clinical recurrence owing to restenosis after PTCA, possibly by determining 'per se' a longer local persistence of thrombus and by triggering a release of mediators involved in the proliferation of smooth muscle cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalFibrinolysis and Proteolysis
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Capanni, M., Antonucci, E., Chiarugi, L., Boddi, V., Abbate, R., Prisco, D., Giglioli, C., Dabizzi, R. P., Margheri, M., Simonetti, I., & Gensini, G. F. (1999). Impairment of early fibrinolytic activation after PTCA: A mechanism for restenosis-related clinical recurrence? Fibrinolysis and Proteolysis, 13(1), 8-14.