Implications of maternal vitamin D deficiency for the fetus, the neonate and the young infant

Nicola Principi, Sonia Bianchini, Elena Baggi, Susanna Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: It has recently been demonstrated that vitamin D (VD) deficiency during pregnancy and lactation can give rise to problems in mothers and their children. Aim: To discuss the implications of VD deficiency during pregnancy and the best VD supplementation to use in order to avoid risks for the mother and child. Methods: PubMed was used to select all of the clinical studies published in the last 15 years concerning VD deficiency in pregnant women and its impact on the fetuses, neonates and infants, as well as the use of VD supplementation during pregnancy. Results: Several studies have suggested that VD deficiency is associated with possible major outcomes in the preconception period, during pregnancy, perinatally and in childhood. A 25(OH)D concentration of >32 and

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-867
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


  • Bone development
  • Pregnancy
  • Respiratory infection
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Vitamin D supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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