Importance of early nutritional screening in patients with gastric cancer

Cecilia Gavazzi, Silvia Colatruglio, Alessandro Sironi, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Rosalba Miceli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present study, we evaluated the relationship between nutritional status, disease stage and quality of life (QoL) in 100 patients recently diagnosed with gastric carcinoma. The patients' nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric, biochemical, inflammatory and functional variables; and we also evaluated the nutritional risk with the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Oncological staging was standard. QoL was evaluated using the Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Therapy questionnaire. The statistical correlation between nutritional risk score (NRS) and oncological characteristics or QoL was evaluated using both univariable and multivariable analyses. Weight loss and reduction of food intake were the most frequent pathological nutritional indicators, while biochemical, inflammatory and functional variables were in the normal range. According to NRS, thirty-six patients were malnourished or at risk for malnutrition. Patients with NRS3 presented a significantly greater percentage of stage IV gastric cancer and pathological values of C-reactive protein, while no correlation was found with the site of tumour. NRS was negatively associated with QoL (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1778
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume106
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 28 2011

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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