Importance of ENT assessment in stratifying candidates for sinus floor elevation: A prospective clinical study

Sara Torretta, Mario Mantovani, Tiziano Testori, Maurizio Cappadona, Lorenzo Pignataro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The aim of this article was to describe our experience in the field of preoperative ear, nose and throat (ENT) assessment in each candidate for (maxillary) sinus floor elevation (SFE) after the introduction of a systematic protocol. The protocol evaluates the sinus compliance by means of ENT preliminary examination with nasal fiberoptic endoscopy to identify all of the situations that may predispose to post-lifting complications, i.e. potentially irreversible (PIECs) and presumably reversible (PRECs) ENT contraindications to SFE, and to evaluate its impact on SFE success. Material and methods: Patient candidates for SFE were carefully assessed by means of case-history collection, complete ENT evaluation with nasal fiberoptic endoscopy and imaging to detect PIECs, PRECs, or no ENT contraindications for SFE. In case of PRECs, SFE was postponed until complete clinical recovery. Impact of preoperative ENT assessment on SFE outcome was assessed by means of post-lifting telephonic interview and ENT evaluation. Results: PRECs were detected and resolved before SFE was performed in 38.2% of our 34 patients; no intra- or post-lifting complications occurred in the patients with no ENT contraindications or PRECs. Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that a careful multi-tasking preoperative management, including an ENT assessment with fiberoptic endoscopy and a radiological evaluation extended to the ostio-meatal complex, is very useful in candidates for SFE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Issue numberA100
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • Maxillary sinusitis
  • Otolaryngology
  • Sinus floor elevation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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