Imported malaria at Italy's National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, 1984-2003

F. Spinazzola, E. Nicastri, C. Vlassi, P. Ghirga, M. De Marco, S. Pittalis, M. G. Paglia, C. Ferrari, P. Narciso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Imported malaria is the most common cause of fatal infections in returning travellers. The increased amount of both tourist movement and migration has resulted in a growing number of people at risk of infection. In the present study, 507 malaria patients admitted to Italy's National Institute for Infectious Diseases in Rome between January 1984 and December 2003 were studied. Overall, 445 cases, or 87.7%, were acquired in Africa, of which 55% were acquired in five sub-Saharan countries. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 393 (77.5%) of the imported cases. Patients consisted of short-term travellers (n=213, 42%), long-term visitors (n=134, 26.4%), and immigrants from endemic areas (n=137, 27%). Malaria chemoprophylaxis was completed in less than one-quarter of all patients, with immigrants having the lowest rate of completion: only 3.6% of immigrants fully completed chemoprophylaxis compared to 31% of short-term travellers and 29.1% of long-term visitors (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology

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