Improved survival for patients with testicular cancer in Europe since 1978

T. Aareleid, M. Sant, G. Hédelin

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Within the framework of EUROCARE, a population-based study on survival and care of cancer patients in Europe, we analyzed survival of 7426 men with testicular cancer diagnosed between 1985 and 1989 in 17 countries. For comparison between the countries, survival rates were age-standardised to the age structure of the entire study population. Among the participating countries of Northern, Western, Central and Southern Europe and the U.K., the age-standardised 5-year relative survival rate varied from 89% (Finland) to 93% (Spain, Germany). In Eastern Europe, the rate ranged from 48% (Estonia) to 84% (Slovenia). Rates in Poland, Slovakia and Estonia were significantly lower than the summary rate for Europe (P <0.05). Relative survival generally decreased with the age of patients at diagnosis. Based on the weighted analysis of pooled European data, the 5-year relative survival rate was 91% for patients aged 15-44 years; 85% for patients aged 55-64 years; and 59% for patients aged 75 years and over. The time trend in survival by 3- year periods between 1978 and 1989 was studied on the basis of 12 084 cases provided by 12 countries. From 1978-1980 to 1987-1989, the 5-year relative survival rate for Europe increased from 79 to 93% (P<0.05). The inequalities in survival between the more developed European countries were more notable in the 1970s than in the 1980s, suggesting that the treatment for testicular cancer became standardised in the latter period. Poorer survival in Eastern Europe and particularly in Estonia, could be related to later introduction of the effective cytotoxic treatments, but also to longer diagnostic delay and limited availability of modern staging procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2236-2240
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998


  • Europe
  • Intercountry comparisons
  • Population-based cancer registries
  • Survival rates
  • Testicular cancer
  • Time trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology


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