Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) combined with immunohistochemistry of tissue-specific markers provides a reliable method for characterizing the fate of somatic stem cells in transplantation experiments. Furthermore, the association between FISH and fluorescent gene reporter detection can unravel cell fusion phenomena, which could account for apparent transdifferentiation events. However, despite the widespread use of these techniques, they still require labor-extensive protocol adjustments to achieve correct and satisfactory simultaneous signal detection. In the present paper, we describe an improvement of simultaneous FISH and immunofluorescence detection. We applied this protocol to the identification of transplanted human and mouse hematopoietic stem cells in murine brain and muscle. This technique provides unique opportunities for following the path taken by transplanted cells and their differentiation into mature cell types.
- Fluorescence in situ hybridization
- Green fluorescent protein
- Stem cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology