Improvement of diaphragmatic performance through orthotopic application of decellularized extracellular matrix patch

M. Piccoli, L. Urbani, M. E. Alvarez-Fallas, C. Franzin, A. Dedja, E. Bertin, G. Zuccolotto, A. Rosato, P. Pavan, N. Elvassore, P. De Coppi, M. Pozzobon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Muscle tissue engineering can provide support to large congenital skeletal muscle defects using scaffolds able to allow cell migration, proliferation and differentiation. Acellular extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold can generate a positive inflammatory response through the activation of anti-inflammatory T-cell populations and M2 polarized macrophages that together lead to a local pro-regenerative environment. This immunoregulatory effect is maintained when acellular matrices are transplanted in a xenogeneic setting, but it remains unclear whether it can be therapeutic in a model of muscle diseases. We demonstrated here for the first time that orthotopic transplantation of a decellularized diaphragmatic muscle from wild animals promoted tissue functional recovery in an established atrophic mouse model. In particular, ECM supported a local immunoresponse activating a pro-regenerative environment and stimulating host muscle progenitor cell activation and migration. These results indicate that acellular scaffolds may represent a suitable regenerative medicine option for improving performance of diseased muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-255
Number of pages11
JournalBiomaterials
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Decellularization
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics

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