Improvement of masticatory kinematic parameters after correction of unilateral posterior crossbite: Reasons for functional retention

Maria Grazia Piancino, Maria Cordero-Ricardo, Rosangela Cannavale, Teresa Vallelonga, Umberto Garagiola, Andrea Merlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate reverse-sequencing chewing cycles (RSCC) and their kinematic parameters on both sides before and after correction with the Function Generating Bite (FGB) appliance. Materials and Methods: Forty-seven patients, 8.3 6 1.1 (mean 6 SD) years of age, with unilateral posterior crossbite (35 on the right side, 12 on the left side) and 18 age-matched controls (9.1 6 0.8 years) were selected for the study from the orthodontic division of the University of Turin, Italy. The crossbite was corrected in all patients using FGB, and mandibular motion was recorded with a kinesiograph K-7 (Myotronics, Tukwila, Wash), during chewing on both sides of a soft and a hard bolus before and after correction. Results: After correction, the percentage of RSCC significantly decreased for soft and hard (P , .001) boluses and fell within the normal range for 75% of the patients. The indices of the chewing pattern (closure angle, axis, maximum lateral excursion) significantly improved (P , .001), becoming symmetric between sides. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the functional appliance, FGB, was able to lower the percentage of RSCC significantly, bringing them back to the normal range in 75% of cases, and to improve the kinematic parameters that become symmetric between sides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-877
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chewing cycle
  • Chewing pattern
  • Crossbite
  • Interceptive orthodontics
  • Malocclusion
  • Mastication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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