Improvement of spontaneous language in stroke patients with chronic aphasia treated with music therapy: A randomized controlled trial

Alfredo Raglio, Osmano Oasi, Marta Gianotti, Agnese Rossi, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim of the study: The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of active music therapy (MT) based on free-improvisation (relational approach) in addition to speech language therapy (SLT) compared with SLT alone (communicative-pragmatic approach: Promoting Aphasic's Communicative Effectiveness) in stroke patients with chronic aphasia. Materials and methods: The experimental group (n = 10) was randomized to 30 MT individual sessions over 15 weeks in addition to 30 SLT individual sessions while the control group (n = 10) was randomized to only 30 SLT sessions during the same period. Psychological and speech language assessment were made before (T0) and after (T1) the treatments. Results: The study shows a significant improvement in spontaneous speech in the experimental group (Aachener Aphasie subtest: p = 0.020; Cohen's d = 0.35); the 50% of the experimental group showed also an improvement in vitality scores of Short Form Health Survey (chi-square test = 4.114; p = 0.043). Conclusions: The current trial highlights the possibility that the combined use of MT and SLT can lead to a better result in the rehabilitation of patients with aphasia than SLT alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 3 2016

Fingerprint

Language Therapy
Music Therapy
Speech Therapy
Aphasia
Language
Randomized Controlled Trials
Stroke
Chi-Square Distribution
Health Surveys
Rehabilitation
Psychology
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Music therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech language therapy
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Improvement of spontaneous language in stroke patients with chronic aphasia treated with music therapy : A randomized controlled trial. / Raglio, Alfredo; Oasi, Osmano; Gianotti, Marta; Rossi, Agnese; Goulene, Karine; Stramba-Badiale, Marco.

In: International Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 126, No. 3, 03.03.2016, p. 235-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d306e1dff24c4641b06472a3d28dfa42,
title = "Improvement of spontaneous language in stroke patients with chronic aphasia treated with music therapy: A randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Aim of the study: The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of active music therapy (MT) based on free-improvisation (relational approach) in addition to speech language therapy (SLT) compared with SLT alone (communicative-pragmatic approach: Promoting Aphasic's Communicative Effectiveness) in stroke patients with chronic aphasia. Materials and methods: The experimental group (n = 10) was randomized to 30 MT individual sessions over 15 weeks in addition to 30 SLT individual sessions while the control group (n = 10) was randomized to only 30 SLT sessions during the same period. Psychological and speech language assessment were made before (T0) and after (T1) the treatments. Results: The study shows a significant improvement in spontaneous speech in the experimental group (Aachener Aphasie subtest: p = 0.020; Cohen's d = 0.35); the 50{\%} of the experimental group showed also an improvement in vitality scores of Short Form Health Survey (chi-square test = 4.114; p = 0.043). Conclusions: The current trial highlights the possibility that the combined use of MT and SLT can lead to a better result in the rehabilitation of patients with aphasia than SLT alone.",
keywords = "Aphasia, Music therapy, Rehabilitation, Speech language therapy, Stroke",
author = "Alfredo Raglio and Osmano Oasi and Marta Gianotti and Agnese Rossi and Karine Goulene and Marco Stramba-Badiale",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "3",
doi = "10.3109/00207454.2015.1010647",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "235--242",
journal = "International Journal of Neuroscience",
issn = "0020-7454",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improvement of spontaneous language in stroke patients with chronic aphasia treated with music therapy

T2 - A randomized controlled trial

AU - Raglio, Alfredo

AU - Oasi, Osmano

AU - Gianotti, Marta

AU - Rossi, Agnese

AU - Goulene, Karine

AU - Stramba-Badiale, Marco

PY - 2016/3/3

Y1 - 2016/3/3

N2 - Aim of the study: The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of active music therapy (MT) based on free-improvisation (relational approach) in addition to speech language therapy (SLT) compared with SLT alone (communicative-pragmatic approach: Promoting Aphasic's Communicative Effectiveness) in stroke patients with chronic aphasia. Materials and methods: The experimental group (n = 10) was randomized to 30 MT individual sessions over 15 weeks in addition to 30 SLT individual sessions while the control group (n = 10) was randomized to only 30 SLT sessions during the same period. Psychological and speech language assessment were made before (T0) and after (T1) the treatments. Results: The study shows a significant improvement in spontaneous speech in the experimental group (Aachener Aphasie subtest: p = 0.020; Cohen's d = 0.35); the 50% of the experimental group showed also an improvement in vitality scores of Short Form Health Survey (chi-square test = 4.114; p = 0.043). Conclusions: The current trial highlights the possibility that the combined use of MT and SLT can lead to a better result in the rehabilitation of patients with aphasia than SLT alone.

AB - Aim of the study: The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of active music therapy (MT) based on free-improvisation (relational approach) in addition to speech language therapy (SLT) compared with SLT alone (communicative-pragmatic approach: Promoting Aphasic's Communicative Effectiveness) in stroke patients with chronic aphasia. Materials and methods: The experimental group (n = 10) was randomized to 30 MT individual sessions over 15 weeks in addition to 30 SLT individual sessions while the control group (n = 10) was randomized to only 30 SLT sessions during the same period. Psychological and speech language assessment were made before (T0) and after (T1) the treatments. Results: The study shows a significant improvement in spontaneous speech in the experimental group (Aachener Aphasie subtest: p = 0.020; Cohen's d = 0.35); the 50% of the experimental group showed also an improvement in vitality scores of Short Form Health Survey (chi-square test = 4.114; p = 0.043). Conclusions: The current trial highlights the possibility that the combined use of MT and SLT can lead to a better result in the rehabilitation of patients with aphasia than SLT alone.

KW - Aphasia

KW - Music therapy

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Speech language therapy

KW - Stroke

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84952644521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84952644521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/00207454.2015.1010647

DO - 10.3109/00207454.2015.1010647

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84952644521

VL - 126

SP - 235

EP - 242

JO - International Journal of Neuroscience

JF - International Journal of Neuroscience

SN - 0020-7454

IS - 3

ER -