Improvement of spontaneous language in stroke patients with chronic aphasia treated with music therapy: A randomized controlled trial

Alfredo Raglio, Osmano Oasi, Marta Gianotti, Agnese Rossi, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim of the study: The aim of this research is to evaluate the effects of active music therapy (MT) based on free-improvisation (relational approach) in addition to speech language therapy (SLT) compared with SLT alone (communicative-pragmatic approach: Promoting Aphasic's Communicative Effectiveness) in stroke patients with chronic aphasia. Materials and methods: The experimental group (n = 10) was randomized to 30 MT individual sessions over 15 weeks in addition to 30 SLT individual sessions while the control group (n = 10) was randomized to only 30 SLT sessions during the same period. Psychological and speech language assessment were made before (T0) and after (T1) the treatments. Results: The study shows a significant improvement in spontaneous speech in the experimental group (Aachener Aphasie subtest: p = 0.020; Cohen's d = 0.35); the 50% of the experimental group showed also an improvement in vitality scores of Short Form Health Survey (chi-square test = 4.114; p = 0.043). Conclusions: The current trial highlights the possibility that the combined use of MT and SLT can lead to a better result in the rehabilitation of patients with aphasia than SLT alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 3 2016

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Music therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech language therapy
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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