To assess the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the outcome of systemic human immunodeficiency virus-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HIV-NHL), we retrospectively analyzed 235 patients in whom HIV-NHL was diagnosed from April 1988 through December 1999. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate prognostic factors for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and disease-free survival (DFS). Complete remission occurred in 49% of patients, and the 3-year rates of OS, PFS, and DFS were 19%, 49%, and 73%, respectively. The greatest risk for shortened OS, PFS, and DFS was associated with no HAART use (compared with long-term HAART use); hazard ratios were 17.42 (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.42-40.25), 9.11 (95% CI, 3.71-22.32), and 8.54 (95% CI, 1.19-61.11), respectively. Our study suggests that the long-term use of HAART may favorably change the outcome for patients with systemic HIV-NHL.
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