Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks

Chiara Crespi, D Laureiro-Martínez, A Dodich, SF Cappa, S Brusoni, M Zollo, A Falini, N Canessa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Innovative decision-making entails the balance of exploitative and explorative choices, and has been linked to the efficiency of executive functioning, including working-memory and attentional skills, associated with fronto-parietal networks. Based on the notion that such skills can be improved by cognitive training, we assessed whether a cognitive training enhancing basic executive skills might also improve the ability to manage the exploration-exploitation trade-off and its financial consequences, and whether any improvement in training-related performance would be reflected in neurostructural changes within fronto-parietal networks. Eighteen subjects participated in a baseline assessment, a training period and a follow-up measurement, while a matched group of 18 subjects did not undertake the training program. A subgroup of subjects underwent a multimodal MRI study to explore training-related changes in grey-matter volume and white-matter microstructure. After training, increased efficiency of innovative decision-making, related to the improvement of executive control skills, reflected neurostructural changes involving the right fronto-polar cortex and left superior longitudinal fasciculus. The quality of innovative decision-making can be improved by ad-hoc cognitive training procedures focused on executive skills, promoting neurostructural changes in fronto-parietal networks. The manifold implications involve both managerial and rehabilitative settings concerned with the quality of choices in normal and pathological conditions, respectively. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume128
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Decision Making
Efficiency
Aptitude
Executive Function
Short-Term Memory
Research Design
Education
Parietal
Gray Matter
White Matter

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Crespi, C., Laureiro-Martínez, D., Dodich, A., Cappa, SF., Brusoni, S., Zollo, M., ... Canessa, N. (2018). Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks. Brain and Cognition, 128, 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.004

Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks. / Crespi, Chiara; Laureiro-Martínez, D; Dodich, A; Cappa, SF; Brusoni, S; Zollo, M; Falini, A; Canessa, N.

In: Brain and Cognition, Vol. 128, 2018, p. 46-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crespi, C, Laureiro-Martínez, D, Dodich, A, Cappa, SF, Brusoni, S, Zollo, M, Falini, A & Canessa, N 2018, 'Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks', Brain and Cognition, vol. 128, pp. 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.11.004
Crespi, Chiara ; Laureiro-Martínez, D ; Dodich, A ; Cappa, SF ; Brusoni, S ; Zollo, M ; Falini, A ; Canessa, N. / Improving innovative decision-making: Training-induced changes in fronto-parietal networks. In: Brain and Cognition. 2018 ; Vol. 128. pp. 46-55.
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