Improving the accuracy of the preoperative diagnosis of long head of the biceps pathology: The biceps resisted flexion test

Paolo Arrigoni, Vincenza Ragone, Riccardo D’Ambrosi, Patrick Denard, Filippo Randelli, Giuseppe Banfi, Paolo Cabitza, Pietro Randelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: the purpose of this study was to describe a new test for identifying lesions of the long head of the biceps (LHB) and to evaluate its diagnostic performance in comparison with selected traditional clinical tests. Methods: one hundred and nine consecutive candidates for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were prospectively recruited.The BRF test, which measures biceps resisted flexion strength, was performed with the patient seated (armat the side and elbow flexed at 90°). The patient was asked to maintain maximal resistance for five seconds while strength was assessed with a digital dynamometer. Since the dynamometer expresses a continuous variable in kilograms, the measure was dichotomized using a threshold value (cut-off) valueable to simultaneously maximize the sensitivity and specificity. This cut-off value was derived from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Speed’s test and the O’Brien test were also performed. During arthroscopy the presence of LHB pathology was assessed. Results: biceps resisted flexion strength was significantly higher in patients without associated LHB lesions [median (range): 3 kg (0-9.5 kg) versus 0 kg (0- 8.5 kg); p<0.001]. The cut-off level able to simultaneously maximize the sensitivity and specificity of the test was 1.1kg. The area under the ROC curve was 0.745 (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalJoints
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2014

Keywords

  • Arthroscopy
  • Biceps tendon
  • Diagnostic
  • Shoulder
  • Test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery

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