Improving the role of echocardiography in studying the right ventricle of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients: comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance

Carolina D’Anna, Armando Caputi, Benedetta Natali, Benedetta Leonardi, Aurelio Secinaro, Gabriele Rinelli, Alessia Del Pasqua, Claudia Esposito, Adriano Carotti, Fabrizio Drago, Marcello Chinali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) evaluation represents one of the major clinical tasks in the follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients (rToF) with pulmonary valve regurgitation, as both severe RV dilatation and dysfunction are key factors in defining the need of pulmonary valve replacement. The aim of our study was to report the diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the identification of rToF patients with severely dilated and/or depressed RV as compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Among our patients with rToF, a subgroup of 95 (17.6 ± 6.8 years; 60% male), who underwent right ventricular qualitative and quantitative evaluation with CMR following echocardiographic suspicion of severe dilation/dysfunction, were included in the analysis. When comparing echocardiographic RV functional parameters to CMR findings, we found no association between CMR-ejection fraction (EF) and either tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSe) nor tissue Doppler systolic tricuspid excursion velocity (all p = ns). In contrast RVFAC was strongly associated with CMR-EF (r = 0.44; p < 0.01) as well as to longitudinal components of RV mechanics including tissue Doppler s′ (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and TAPSE (r = 0.36; p < 0.01). When comparing echocardiographic and CMR structural parameters of the RV, we found that CMR RV volume was strongly related to echocardiographic measurements of RV end diastolic area (from the 4 chamber apical view) and with proximal parasternal short axis right ventricle outflow-dimension. Accordingly a regression model was derived from multiple regression analysis, which allows a more accurate estimate of CMR RV volume from echocardiography (r2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrates a significant, although imperfect, correlation between echocardiographic and CMR RV functional and geometrical parameters. Combining echocardiographic measures of RV inflow and RV outflow, we deliver a simple formula to estimate CMR-RV volume, improving the echocardiographic accuracy in RV volume quantification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-406
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 7 2017

Fingerprint

Tetralogy of Fallot
Heart Ventricles
Echocardiography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Dilatation
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency
Right Ventricular Dysfunction
Pulmonary Valve
Mechanics
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Accuracy
  • CMR
  • Congenital
  • Echocardiogram
  • Right ventricular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Improving the role of echocardiography in studying the right ventricle of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients: comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance",
abstract = "Right ventricular (RV) evaluation represents one of the major clinical tasks in the follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients (rToF) with pulmonary valve regurgitation, as both severe RV dilatation and dysfunction are key factors in defining the need of pulmonary valve replacement. The aim of our study was to report the diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the identification of rToF patients with severely dilated and/or depressed RV as compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Among our patients with rToF, a subgroup of 95 (17.6 ± 6.8 years; 60{\%} male), who underwent right ventricular qualitative and quantitative evaluation with CMR following echocardiographic suspicion of severe dilation/dysfunction, were included in the analysis. When comparing echocardiographic RV functional parameters to CMR findings, we found no association between CMR-ejection fraction (EF) and either tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSe) nor tissue Doppler systolic tricuspid excursion velocity (all p = ns). In contrast RVFAC was strongly associated with CMR-EF (r = 0.44; p < 0.01) as well as to longitudinal components of RV mechanics including tissue Doppler s′ (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and TAPSE (r = 0.36; p < 0.01). When comparing echocardiographic and CMR structural parameters of the RV, we found that CMR RV volume was strongly related to echocardiographic measurements of RV end diastolic area (from the 4 chamber apical view) and with proximal parasternal short axis right ventricle outflow-dimension. Accordingly a regression model was derived from multiple regression analysis, which allows a more accurate estimate of CMR RV volume from echocardiography (r2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrates a significant, although imperfect, correlation between echocardiographic and CMR RV functional and geometrical parameters. Combining echocardiographic measures of RV inflow and RV outflow, we deliver a simple formula to estimate CMR-RV volume, improving the echocardiographic accuracy in RV volume quantification.",
keywords = "Accuracy, CMR, Congenital, Echocardiogram, Right ventricular",
author = "Carolina D’Anna and Armando Caputi and Benedetta Natali and Benedetta Leonardi and Aurelio Secinaro and Gabriele Rinelli and Pasqua, {Alessia Del} and Claudia Esposito and Adriano Carotti and Fabrizio Drago and Marcello Chinali",
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T1 - Improving the role of echocardiography in studying the right ventricle of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients

T2 - comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance

AU - D’Anna, Carolina

AU - Caputi, Armando

AU - Natali, Benedetta

AU - Leonardi, Benedetta

AU - Secinaro, Aurelio

AU - Rinelli, Gabriele

AU - Pasqua, Alessia Del

AU - Esposito, Claudia

AU - Carotti, Adriano

AU - Drago, Fabrizio

AU - Chinali, Marcello

PY - 2017/10/7

Y1 - 2017/10/7

N2 - Right ventricular (RV) evaluation represents one of the major clinical tasks in the follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients (rToF) with pulmonary valve regurgitation, as both severe RV dilatation and dysfunction are key factors in defining the need of pulmonary valve replacement. The aim of our study was to report the diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the identification of rToF patients with severely dilated and/or depressed RV as compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Among our patients with rToF, a subgroup of 95 (17.6 ± 6.8 years; 60% male), who underwent right ventricular qualitative and quantitative evaluation with CMR following echocardiographic suspicion of severe dilation/dysfunction, were included in the analysis. When comparing echocardiographic RV functional parameters to CMR findings, we found no association between CMR-ejection fraction (EF) and either tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSe) nor tissue Doppler systolic tricuspid excursion velocity (all p = ns). In contrast RVFAC was strongly associated with CMR-EF (r = 0.44; p < 0.01) as well as to longitudinal components of RV mechanics including tissue Doppler s′ (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and TAPSE (r = 0.36; p < 0.01). When comparing echocardiographic and CMR structural parameters of the RV, we found that CMR RV volume was strongly related to echocardiographic measurements of RV end diastolic area (from the 4 chamber apical view) and with proximal parasternal short axis right ventricle outflow-dimension. Accordingly a regression model was derived from multiple regression analysis, which allows a more accurate estimate of CMR RV volume from echocardiography (r2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrates a significant, although imperfect, correlation between echocardiographic and CMR RV functional and geometrical parameters. Combining echocardiographic measures of RV inflow and RV outflow, we deliver a simple formula to estimate CMR-RV volume, improving the echocardiographic accuracy in RV volume quantification.

AB - Right ventricular (RV) evaluation represents one of the major clinical tasks in the follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients (rToF) with pulmonary valve regurgitation, as both severe RV dilatation and dysfunction are key factors in defining the need of pulmonary valve replacement. The aim of our study was to report the diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the identification of rToF patients with severely dilated and/or depressed RV as compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Among our patients with rToF, a subgroup of 95 (17.6 ± 6.8 years; 60% male), who underwent right ventricular qualitative and quantitative evaluation with CMR following echocardiographic suspicion of severe dilation/dysfunction, were included in the analysis. When comparing echocardiographic RV functional parameters to CMR findings, we found no association between CMR-ejection fraction (EF) and either tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSe) nor tissue Doppler systolic tricuspid excursion velocity (all p = ns). In contrast RVFAC was strongly associated with CMR-EF (r = 0.44; p < 0.01) as well as to longitudinal components of RV mechanics including tissue Doppler s′ (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and TAPSE (r = 0.36; p < 0.01). When comparing echocardiographic and CMR structural parameters of the RV, we found that CMR RV volume was strongly related to echocardiographic measurements of RV end diastolic area (from the 4 chamber apical view) and with proximal parasternal short axis right ventricle outflow-dimension. Accordingly a regression model was derived from multiple regression analysis, which allows a more accurate estimate of CMR RV volume from echocardiography (r2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrates a significant, although imperfect, correlation between echocardiographic and CMR RV functional and geometrical parameters. Combining echocardiographic measures of RV inflow and RV outflow, we deliver a simple formula to estimate CMR-RV volume, improving the echocardiographic accuracy in RV volume quantification.

KW - Accuracy

KW - CMR

KW - Congenital

KW - Echocardiogram

KW - Right ventricular

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