Objectives: To evaluate heart rate variability (HRV), hemodynamics, mechanics, dyspnea and blood gases following different mechanical ventilation (MV) settings. Background: No study has evaluated physiological changes during T-piece trials following different MV settings. Methods: In 8 COPD patients on prolonged MV we applied in random order two MV settings: i) pressure support (PS) 20cmH2O+positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 0cmH2O (setting-1) and ii) PS 15cmH2O+PEEP 5cmH2O (setting-2), each followed by a 30min T-piece trial. Results: Setting-1 induced greater minute ventilation, tidal volume/inspiratory time and lower pulmonary artery occlusion pressure; setting-2 reduced intrinsic PEEP. Mechanics and hemodynamics data did not differ, but all HRV time domain indices were reduced only after setting-1, suggesting a decreased parasympathetic and increased sympathetic cardiac modulation. Conclusions: The T-piece trial following setting-2 seems less stressful on neural control of HRV. Future studies on T-piece trials should consider the residual effect of the MV setting.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine