In HIV-positive patients, myeloid-derived suppressor cells induce T-cell anergy by suppressing CD3 expression through ELF-1 inhibition

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Abstract

Objective: During HIV infection, a down-modulation of CD3 was found on T cells, contributing to T-cell anergy. In this work, we studied the correlation between myeloidderived suppressor cells (MDSC) frequency and T-cell CD3 expression. Moreover, we investigated the mechanisms of CD3 decrease exploited by MDSC. Design and method: CD3 expression and MDSC frequency were evaluated by flow cytometry on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 105 HIV-positive (HIV) patients. The role of MDSC in the modulation of the HIV-specific T-cell response was evaluated. The level of CD3 mRNA and ELF-1 protein were analysed by real-time- PCR and western blot, respectively. Results: We found that granulocytic-MDSC (Gr-MDSC) were expanded in HIV patients compared with healthy donors; in particular, in cART-treated individuals a higher Gr-MDSC frequency was observed in patients with a CD4+ T-cell count below 400 cells/μl. We found an inverse correlation between the percentage of Gr-MDSC and CD3 level. Moreover, in-vitro MDSC depletion induced the up-regulation of CD3 in T cells, restoring the functionality of αβ, but not γδ T cells. The in-vitro effect of isolated MDSC on CD3 expression was found cell contact-dependent, and was not mediated by previously described molecules. CD3 down-modulation corresponds to the decrease of its mRNA induced by silencing the transcription factor ELF-1. Conclusion: Our data provide new knowledge on mechanisms used by Gr-MDSC in immune-modulation and on their role in the immune reconstitution during antiviral treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2397-2407
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS (London, England)
Volume29
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • CD3
  • HIV
  • HIV-specific T-cell response immune suppression
  • MDSC
  • αβ T cells
  • γδ T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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